Current Property Prices Index

These data are updated continuously. For historical indices, published periodically, please visit Property Prices Index 2023.

Property Prices Map
Select display column:
Rank
City
Price To Income Ratio
Gross Rental Yield City Centre
Gross Rental Yield Outside of Centre
Price To Rent Ratio City Centre
Price To Rent Ratio Outside Of City Centre
Mortgage As A Percentage Of Income
Affordability Index
Douala, Cameroon 48.3 10.0 12.6 10.0 7.9 949.5 0.1
Shanghai, China 47.1 1.6 1.6 60.7 62.5 373.7 0.3
Beijing, China 46.1 1.6 1.6 61.6 63.1 364.5 0.3
Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China) 45.3 1.7 1.7 59.3 58.7 290.7 0.3
Beirut, Lebanon 41.3 4.5 7.2 22.0 14.0 496.3 0.2
Colombo, Sri Lanka 40.6 4.2 2.4 23.8 41.3 706.1 0.1
Shenzhen, China 40.5 1.1 1.2 94.4 81.1 319.2 0.3
Manila, Philippines 38.9 4.1 2.8 24.1 36.3 394.0 0.3
Guangzhou, China 37.3 1.0 1.4 96.4 69.8 298.3 0.3
Mumbai, India 35.2 2.4 2.8 42.2 36.2 352.6 0.3
Kathmandu, Nepal 35.1 2.3 2.9 43.4 34.7 478.5 0.2
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam 34.5 2.8 3.5 35.6 28.3 379.2 0.3
Bangkok, Thailand 31.8 3.3 3.4 30.0 29.6 267.4 0.4
Shiraz, Iran 31.6 11.3 3.6 8.9 27.9 597.3 0.2
Phnom Penh, Cambodia 31.3 5.9 5.0 16.9 20.2 368.4 0.3
Seoul, South Korea 30.4 1.1 1.5 90.7 66.6 213.8 0.5
Taipei, Taiwan (China) 29.7 1.1 1.3 87.0 75.5 175.1 0.6
Hangzhou, China 29.2 1.5 1.8 65.2 55.1 233.7 0.4
Tehran, Iran 29.2 6.4 7.5 15.5 13.4 611.7 0.2
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 28.8 10.1 6.9 9.9 14.5 488.4 0.2
Buenos Aires, Argentina 27.8 2.7 2.4 36.7 41.4 1304.2 0.1
Caracas, Venezuela 26.5 10.9 6.1 9.2 16.4 720.2 0.1
Isfahan (Esfahan), Iran 25.8 4.8 10.4 20.7 9.6 579.8 0.2
Algiers, Algeria 24.8 3.1 2.8 32.1 35.8 227.3 0.4
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 24.7 4.1 4.8 24.2 20.8 279.3 0.4
Sao Paulo, Brazil 23.6 4.9 4.6 20.4 21.6 266.7 0.4
Macao, Macao (China) 22.7 1.9 2.3 52.8 43.0 143.8 0.7
Moscow, Russia 22.3 3.1 3.2 32.6 31.1 252.4 0.4
Surabaya, Indonesia 21.7 2.6 3.8 38.4 26.4 224.7 0.4
Fortaleza, Brazil 21.6 3.4 4.4 29.7 22.6 246.3 0.4
Jakarta, Indonesia 21.1 4.5 5.2 22.4 19.3 232.8 0.4
Mashhad, Iran 20.8 8.2 5.3 12.1 18.8 411.4 0.2
Bogota, Colombia 20.8 5.2 4.7 19.3 21.1 270.9 0.4
Tel Aviv-Yafo, Israel 20.6 2.4 2.6 42.0 37.9 143.9 0.7
Paris, France 20.5 2.5 2.5 39.9 40.0 122.6 0.8
Saint Petersburg, Russia 20.3 3.3 3.1 30.4 32.8 262.4 0.4
Cascais, Portugal 20.2 4.4 4.8 22.7 20.9 120.4 0.8
Lisbon, Portugal 19.9 4.7 5.3 21.2 18.8 125.8 0.8
Belo Horizonte, Brazil 19.8 3.6 4.6 27.4 21.8 241.5 0.4
Belgrade, Serbia 19.6 4.7 5.1 21.1 19.6 147.5 0.7
Jerusalem, Israel 19.4 2.4 2.3 42.1 44.1 138.8 0.7
Dubrovnik, Croatia 19.2 2.5 2.5 40.7 39.4 137.8 0.7
Rabat, Morocco 19.0 4.8 5.1 21.0 19.8 143.7 0.7
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic 18.9 8.9 6.2 11.2 16.1 250.8 0.4
Milan, Italy 18.9 3.3 4.3 30.1 23.3 112.2 0.9
Prague, Czech Republic 18.8 2.7 2.9 37.0 34.4 158.7 0.6
Chengdu, China 18.7 2.4 2.6 41.0 38.3 150.7 0.7
Istanbul, Turkey 18.6 5.4 6.5 18.5 15.5 450.6 0.2
Kazan, Russia 18.3 3.4 3.6 29.1 28.0 226.4 0.4
Santiago, Chile 18.2 4.3 4.5 23.0 22.4 159.0 0.6
Taichung, Taiwan (China) 17.8 1.9 2.7 53.6 36.7 105.5 0.9
Lima, Peru 17.7 5.7 5.3 17.7 19.0 185.0 0.5
Quezon City, Philippines 17.6 6.6 8.6 15.1 11.6 156.9 0.6
Zadar, Croatia 17.5 3.4 3.2 29.5 30.9 126.9 0.8
Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia 17.4 5.2 5.8 19.4 17.1 179.2 0.6
Tirana, Albania 17.4 4.4 5.4 22.8 18.6 133.9 0.7
Innsbruck, Austria 17.3 2.4 2.8 42.2 36.0 104.7 1.0
Vladivostok, Russia 17.2 5.4 4.9 18.4 20.5 208.5 0.5
Bratislava, Slovakia 17.0 3.0 3.1 33.4 32.4 100.8 1.0
Karachi, Pakistan 17.0 3.9 5.0 25.4 20.0 269.1 0.4
Novi Sad, Serbia 16.8 3.9 3.9 25.7 25.9 120.3 0.8
Hanoi, Vietnam 16.8 4.1 4.1 24.6 24.1 195.8 0.5
Krasnodar, Russia 16.6 3.2 3.3 31.5 30.7 197.3 0.5
Yerevan, Armenia 16.5 9.2 12.6 10.9 7.9 221.1 0.5
Brno, Czech Republic 16.5 2.8 2.8 35.7 36.1 129.8 0.8
Kaliningrad, Russia 16.5 3.4 3.9 29.4 25.6 195.5 0.5
Mexico City, Mexico 16.3 6.5 6.1 15.5 16.3 194.5 0.5
Rome, Italy 16.0 3.6 4.6 28.1 21.7 97.8 1.0
Munich, Germany 16.0 2.4 2.5 41.2 40.0 98.6 1.0
London, United Kingdom 15.8 3.6 4.1 27.7 24.2 110.0 0.9
Singapore, Singapore 15.7 3.5 4.7 28.9 21.3 104.3 1.0
Tunis, Tunisia 15.6 5.2 5.0 19.1 19.9 206.0 0.5
Saint Helier, Jersey 15.5 4.4 3.7 22.7 26.7 100.9 1.0
Split, Croatia 15.5 2.9 2.8 34.0 35.6 99.4 1.0
Medellin, Colombia 15.4 5.6 4.9 17.8 20.6 182.8 0.5
Casablanca, Morocco 15.3 5.1 5.6 19.5 17.9 121.1 0.8
Cluj-Napoca, Romania 15.2 3.2 3.0 31.4 33.2 131.1 0.8
Jaipur, India 15.2 2.4 3.9 41.0 25.6 156.4 0.6
Gdynia, Poland 15.2 3.3 4.6 30.2 21.9 137.2 0.7
Kosice, Slovakia 15.2 3.5 3.6 28.5 28.0 92.1 1.1
Nizhny Novgorod, Russia 15.2 4.0 3.4 25.0 29.8 167.6 0.6
Dhaka, Bangladesh 15.2 3.2 3.9 31.3 25.6 172.0 0.6
Skopje, North Macedonia 15.1 3.6 3.5 27.9 28.9 114.7 0.9
Florence, Italy 15.1 3.6 3.9 28.0 25.4 89.5 1.1
Kiev (Kyiv), Ukraine 15.1 5.2 5.8 19.1 17.3 252.4 0.4
Porto Alegre, Brazil 15.0 5.2 4.9 19.1 20.4 153.0 0.7
Ramat Gan, Israel 15.0 3.0 3.5 33.6 28.9 105.4 0.9
Pristina, Kosovo (Disputed Territory) 14.9 3.9 5.8 25.5 17.1 112.0 0.9
Budapest, Hungary 14.9 3.2 3.5 31.5 28.4 154.7 0.6
Tripoli, Libya 14.8 4.3 7.2 23.4 13.8 241.1 0.4
Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan 14.8 9.2 6.9 10.8 14.5 245.8 0.4
Asuncion, Paraguay 14.8 6.9 9.0 14.6 11.2 174.7 0.6
Novosibirsk, Russia 14.8 4.2 4.6 23.9 21.7 190.1 0.5
Bandung, Indonesia 14.7 4.4 5.7 22.6 17.5 175.1 0.6
Ufa, Russia 14.6 4.2 3.8 24.0 26.6 159.9 0.6
Eskisehir, Turkey 14.6 2.8 3.4 36.0 29.3 306.4 0.3
Warsaw, Poland 14.5 4.1 4.8 24.5 20.9 146.4 0.7
Tbilisi, Georgia 14.5 10.7 12.7 9.3 7.9 189.6 0.5
Odessa (Odesa), Ukraine 14.5 5.1 4.7 19.7 21.1 264.2 0.4
Gdansk, Poland 14.5 3.3 4.3 30.2 23.4 129.3 0.8
Ljubljana, Slovenia 14.5 3.4 3.6 29.1 27.6 88.6 1.1
Curitiba, Brazil 14.4 4.0 3.9 25.2 25.9 166.6 0.6
Baghdad, Iraq 14.4 4.8 6.1 20.6 16.3 148.3 0.7
Baku, Azerbaijan 14.4 4.7 5.5 21.3 18.0 159.8 0.6
Samara, Russia 14.3 4.1 3.9 24.4 25.5 190.2 0.5
Zagreb, Croatia 14.3 3.2 3.4 31.4 29.2 98.3 1.0
Guatemala City, Guatemala 14.3 8.4 9.0 11.9 11.1 142.1 0.7
Alexandria, Egypt 14.1 5.3 8.2 18.9 12.2 197.1 0.5
Banja Luka, Bosnia And Herzegovina 14.1 3.1 3.0 32.1 33.6 110.1 0.9
Nis, Serbia 14.1 3.0 3.1 32.8 32.7 97.8 1.0
Debrecen, Hungary 14.0 3.3 3.2 30.5 31.7 126.1 0.8
Stockholm, Sweden 14.0 2.7 3.2 36.8 31.5 92.4 1.1
Delhi, India 14.0 2.4 3.6 41.5 27.7 141.2 0.7
Lagos, Nigeria 13.9 56.4 68.0 1.8 1.5 250.8 0.4
Minsk, Belarus 13.9 4.7 5.0 21.1 19.9 277.1 0.4
Perm, Russia 13.8 4.0 3.5 25.0 28.3 175.1 0.6
Tuzla, Bosnia And Herzegovina 13.7 2.7 2.8 37.2 35.7 92.2 1.1
Athens, Greece 13.7 4.3 4.0 23.5 24.9 101.1 1.0
Tashkent, Uzbekistan 13.5 8.9 11.4 11.3 8.8 285.8 0.3
Nairobi, Kenya 13.5 5.7 7.6 17.5 13.2 184.3 0.5
Marrakech, Morocco 13.5 7.0 5.9 14.4 16.8 111.5 0.9
Brasilia, Brazil 13.5 4.4 4.2 22.6 23.7 152.9 0.7
Vilnius, Lithuania 13.5 3.9 4.1 25.8 24.5 87.0 1.1
Kuwait City, Kuwait 13.4 3.1 4.9 32.0 20.5 112.2 0.9
Antalya, Turkey 13.4 9.0 13.0 11.2 7.7 259.4 0.4
Porto, Portugal 13.3 5.2 6.1 19.4 16.4 83.1 1.2
Mersin, Turkey 13.3 5.1 4.7 19.7 21.4 261.0 0.4
Toronto, Canada 13.3 3.8 4.1 26.1 24.4 111.3 0.9
Krakow (Cracow), Poland 13.2 3.6 4.4 28.2 22.7 133.7 0.7
Rijeka, Croatia 13.2 3.1 4.1 32.5 24.6 92.8 1.1
Sydney, Australia 13.1 3.1 3.5 32.1 28.9 95.9 1.0
Vancouver, Canada 13.1 4.0 4.0 25.1 24.8 100.6 1.0
Poznan, Poland 13.1 3.6 4.1 27.9 24.2 107.2 0.9
Quito, Ecuador 13.0 6.6 5.4 15.2 18.5 160.5 0.6
Wellington, New Zealand 12.9 4.5 4.3 22.4 23.1 102.2 1.0
Geneva, Switzerland 12.9 2.9 3.2 34.9 31.3 74.0 1.4
Victoria, Canada 12.9 3.8 3.8 26.1 26.1 104.6 1.0
Montevideo, Uruguay 12.8 4.6 5.1 21.8 19.6 153.5 0.7
Kharkiv, Ukraine 12.7 5.8 6.4 17.1 15.7 177.5 0.6
Almaty, Kazakhstan 12.6 8.8 9.3 11.3 10.8 187.2 0.5
Tokyo, Japan 12.6 3.1 2.9 32.2 34.7 70.6 1.4
Frankfurt, Germany 12.6 2.6 2.9 38.9 34.2 84.6 1.2
Santa Cruz, Bolivia 12.5 6.8 6.7 14.6 14.9 112.0 0.9
Kaohsiung, Taiwan (China) 12.5 2.1 2.7 47.4 36.4 77.9 1.3
Wroclaw, Poland 12.4 4.3 5.2 23.3 19.4 119.9 0.8
Izmir, Turkey 12.4 5.6 6.1 17.9 16.5 255.4 0.4
Plzen, Czech Republic 12.4 2.5 2.8 40.8 36.1 92.7 1.1
Chennai, India 12.3 2.4 4.0 41.9 24.9 122.7 0.8
Podgorica, Montenegro 12.3 4.6 4.3 21.8 23.3 107.0 0.9
Cairo, Egypt 12.3 7.6 6.9 13.2 14.6 157.4 0.6
Constanta, Romania 12.2 4.9 4.3 20.4 23.0 118.9 0.8
Dnipro, Ukraine 12.2 6.7 5.8 14.9 17.1 184.4 0.5
Bialystok, Poland 12.2 4.0 4.2 25.3 23.7 118.0 0.8
Barranquilla, Colombia 12.2 7.6 5.7 13.1 17.7 156.5 0.6
Zurich, Switzerland 12.1 2.3 3.0 42.7 32.9 71.3 1.4
Sarajevo, Bosnia And Herzegovina 12.1 2.7 3.1 36.4 31.8 82.7 1.2
Tallinn, Estonia 11.9 3.7 3.9 27.2 25.7 74.1 1.3
Luxembourg, Luxembourg 11.9 3.0 3.3 33.3 30.5 71.0 1.4
Lausanne, Switzerland 11.8 2.6 2.9 38.5 34.7 70.0 1.4
Lviv, Ukraine 11.7 5.9 6.6 16.9 15.2 173.5 0.6
Thessaloniki, Greece 11.7 4.2 4.6 23.6 21.8 84.5 1.2
Oradea, Romania 11.6 3.9 3.7 25.5 27.4 107.0 0.9
Olomouc, Czech Republic 11.6 3.5 3.2 28.4 31.0 86.2 1.2
Voronezh, Russia 11.5 3.9 3.4 25.8 29.0 133.5 0.7
Cuenca, Ecuador 11.5 7.5 6.4 13.3 15.5 150.1 0.7
Chisinau, Moldova 11.4 5.8 6.3 17.3 15.8 147.0 0.7
Iasi, Romania 11.4 4.0 4.0 24.9 25.0 94.5 1.1
Hamburg, Germany 11.3 2.8 3.2 35.8 31.2 71.2 1.4
Lahore, Pakistan 11.3 6.7 6.4 15.0 15.6 166.6 0.6
Vienna, Austria 11.2 2.4 2.9 41.5 34.1 68.2 1.5
Oslo, Norway 11.2 3.0 3.3 33.0 29.9 74.3 1.3
Madrid, Spain 11.2 4.0 4.4 24.8 22.5 71.0 1.4
Berlin, Germany 11.2 3.5 3.6 28.6 27.9 69.7 1.4
Bursa, Turkey 11.1 5.1 4.8 19.6 20.9 231.4 0.4
Bolzano-Bozen, Italy 11.1 3.2 3.4 31.6 29.2 62.3 1.6
Nice, France 11.0 3.0 4.1 33.2 24.2 61.8 1.6
Barcelona, Spain 10.9 4.5 5.6 22.5 18.0 67.3 1.5
Chittagong, Bangladesh 10.9 3.7 4.2 27.1 24.0 117.1 0.9
Coimbra, Portugal 10.8 4.8 5.6 21.0 17.9 67.6 1.5
Kayseri, Turkey 10.8 4.3 4.3 23.2 23.4 253.8 0.4
Haarlem, Netherlands 10.8 4.9 4.6 20.5 22.0 69.3 1.4
Auckland, New Zealand 10.8 3.4 3.9 29.0 25.4 83.1 1.2
Panama City, Panama 10.8 9.0 8.8 11.1 11.3 92.3 1.1
Timisoara, Romania 10.7 4.0 4.1 25.2 24.6 88.0 1.1
Bologna, Italy 10.7 4.2 4.5 23.7 22.3 65.0 1.5
Guayaquil, Ecuador 10.7 6.2 4.9 16.0 20.5 108.7 0.9
Sao Jose dos Campos, Brazil 10.7 5.8 6.2 17.2 16.3 110.5 0.9
Szczecin, Poland 10.6 4.5 5.2 22.2 19.3 89.4 1.1
Brisbane, Australia 10.5 3.8 3.9 26.1 25.6 81.3 1.2
Sofia, Bulgaria 10.5 3.8 4.4 26.4 22.8 70.9 1.4
Islamabad, Pakistan 10.4 7.7 7.0 13.0 14.3 138.3 0.7
Lodz, Poland 10.4 4.4 4.7 22.7 21.1 90.9 1.1
Bucharest, Romania 10.3 4.2 4.7 24.0 21.4 93.4 1.1
Dusseldorf, Germany 10.3 3.3 2.9 29.9 34.9 65.5 1.5
Batumi, Ajara, Georgia 10.3 10.5 12.1 9.5 8.3 141.9 0.7
Espoo, Finland 10.2 3.2 3.8 31.0 26.1 57.7 1.7
Craiova, Romania 10.2 3.7 4.4 26.9 23.0 91.4 1.1
New York, NY, United States 10.1 5.9 5.4 16.9 18.4 84.7 1.2
Nuremberg, Germany 10.1 2.5 2.3 39.8 43.0 61.7 1.6
La Paz, Bolivia 10.1 4.6 5.3 21.9 18.8 99.7 1.0
Kaunas, Lithuania 10.1 3.7 4.4 26.8 23.0 64.3 1.6
Sibiu, Romania 10.0 4.1 4.4 24.4 22.7 97.5 1.0
Brasov, Romania 10.0 5.0 5.2 19.9 19.2 91.6 1.1
Amsterdam, Netherlands 10.0 4.0 5.1 24.9 19.4 64.2 1.6
Dublin, Ireland 10.0 5.7 7.7 17.5 12.9 69.4 1.4
Katowice, Poland 10.0 3.3 4.6 30.6 21.8 82.1 1.2
Helsinki, Finland 10.0 3.0 4.0 33.3 25.3 55.8 1.8
Heidelberg, Germany 9.9 3.1 3.2 32.2 31.0 55.5 1.8
Stuttgart, Germany 9.9 2.7 3.0 36.8 33.6 63.0 1.6
Mississauga, Canada 9.8 4.5 5.1 22.2 19.8 78.7 1.3
San Jose, Costa Rica 9.6 7.2 7.4 14.0 13.5 98.1 1.0
HsinChu, Taiwan (China) 9.6 2.1 2.4 47.0 41.7 55.7 1.8
Graz, Austria 9.5 2.8 3.0 35.5 33.0 56.6 1.8
Penang, Malaysia 9.5 3.6 4.3 27.9 23.4 66.2 1.5
Lyon, France 9.4 3.1 2.9 32.1 34.1 55.3 1.8
Merida, Mexico 9.2 10.2 6.6 9.8 15.1 121.3 0.8
Villach, Austria 9.2 4.0 3.9 24.9 25.4 53.9 1.9
Honolulu, HI, United States 9.2 5.5 6.4 18.3 15.5 79.2 1.3
Varna, Bulgaria 9.2 4.2 5.3 23.7 18.8 62.3 1.6
Petaling Jaya, Malaysia 9.2 3.8 5.1 26.1 19.5 69.3 1.4
Osijek, Croatia 9.1 4.4 3.6 22.9 27.8 63.9 1.6
Quebec City, Canada 9.1 2.0 5.8 50.9 17.4 77.2 1.3
Malaga, Spain 9.1 4.2 5.2 23.9 19.2 57.3 1.7
Tartu, Estonia 9.1 3.9 4.2 25.9 23.8 56.1 1.8
Kochi, India 9.1 2.6 3.0 39.0 32.8 90.2 1.1
Copenhagen, Denmark 9.0 4.6 5.0 21.7 20.1 52.9 1.9
San Francisco, CA, United States 9.0 6.1 5.4 16.4 18.6 71.3 1.4
Yekaterinburg, Russia 9.0 4.2 4.4 23.7 22.8 117.7 0.8
Riga, Latvia 8.9 4.1 4.8 24.2 20.7 57.2 1.7
Ahmedabad, India 8.9 9.0 22.0 11.1 4.5 88.2 1.1
Cagliari, Italy 8.8 4.3 4.9 23.5 20.4 54.9 1.8
Melbourne, Australia 8.8 4.3 3.7 23.5 27.4 64.6 1.5
Gothenburg, Sweden 8.8 3.6 3.8 28.0 26.0 58.1 1.7
Canberra, Australia 8.8 5.8 5.9 17.3 16.9 64.9 1.5
Montreal, Canada 8.7 3.7 4.9 26.7 20.4 70.9 1.4
Limassol, Cyprus 8.6 9.6 10.3 10.4 9.7 56.7 1.8
Haifa, Israel 8.5 3.0 3.3 33.0 30.2 61.2 1.6
Pune, India 8.5 3.1 3.6 32.3 28.1 85.3 1.2
Hyderabad, India 8.5 3.8 4.5 26.1 22.1 84.7 1.2
Seville (Sevilla), Spain 8.4 4.2 5.2 23.7 19.1 54.2 1.8
Surat, India 8.4 6.3 8.8 16.0 11.4 82.2 1.2
Ankara, Turkey 8.4 7.6 7.0 13.2 14.3 181.1 0.6
Linz, Austria 8.4 3.8 3.8 26.5 26.0 51.9 1.9
Amman, Jordan 8.3 5.9 7.3 16.9 13.8 81.1 1.2
Edinburgh, United Kingdom 8.3 5.2 4.8 19.1 20.8 51.9 1.9
San Diego, CA, United States 8.3 5.8 5.4 17.1 18.4 66.9 1.5
Tromso, Norway 8.2 3.7 3.5 27.3 28.7 54.3 1.8
Bergen, Norway 8.2 3.8 4.6 26.6 21.6 53.0 1.9
Turin, Italy 8.2 3.9 5.3 25.5 18.7 49.4 2.0
Coimbatore, India 8.2 5.1 4.5 19.7 22.4 93.1 1.1
Adelaide, Australia 8.2 4.9 6.1 20.3 16.4 65.6 1.5
Boston, MA, United States 8.1 5.5 6.9 18.3 14.5 64.4 1.6
Kolkata, India 8.1 3.6 4.1 27.5 24.5 84.1 1.2
San Jose, CA, United States 8.0 4.3 5.4 23.0 18.6 64.9 1.5
Utrecht, Netherlands 7.9 4.5 5.2 22.0 19.2 54.5 1.8
Ostrava, Czech Republic 7.9 4.6 4.6 21.5 21.8 61.1 1.6
Lucknow (Lakhnau), India 7.9 2.8 3.6 35.7 27.8 82.6 1.2
San Juan, Puerto Rico 7.9 11.6 14.4 8.6 7.0 59.6 1.7
Indore, India 7.8 3.0 3.6 33.2 28.0 83.5 1.2
Astana (Nur-Sultan), Kazakhstan 7.7 9.2 7.8 10.9 12.8 115.7 0.9
Guadalajara, Mexico 7.7 7.5 9.4 13.3 10.7 93.6 1.1
Stavanger, Norway 7.7 4.1 3.9 24.3 25.5 53.1 1.9
Monterrey, Mexico 7.7 7.5 7.8 13.4 12.8 93.7 1.1
Liverpool, United Kingdom 7.6 4.4 6.0 23.0 16.8 52.9 1.9
Plovdiv, Bulgaria 7.6 5.1 5.3 19.5 18.7 52.2 1.9
Perth, Australia 7.5 5.3 4.9 18.8 20.5 60.0 1.7
Trondheim, Norway 7.5 3.4 3.7 29.1 26.9 48.3 2.1
Tampere, Finland 7.5 3.8 3.8 26.2 26.1 42.1 2.4
Belfast, United Kingdom 7.5 5.6 4.9 17.9 20.3 49.9 2.0
Ottawa, Canada 7.5 5.0 5.0 19.9 20.1 63.7 1.6
Arhus, Denmark 7.3 3.9 4.4 25.9 22.8 45.9 2.2
Reykjavik, Iceland 7.3 4.9 5.9 20.3 17.0 60.3 1.7
Gurgaon, India 7.2 3.8 4.5 26.6 22.5 73.8 1.4
Manchester, United Kingdom 7.2 5.2 5.4 19.1 18.5 48.0 2.1
Glasgow, United Kingdom 7.1 3.7 5.6 27.0 17.8 50.6 2.0
Los Angeles, CA, United States 7.1 6.3 7.2 15.9 13.8 57.6 1.7
Toulouse, France 7.1 3.6 3.8 27.5 26.2 39.6 2.5
Basel, Switzerland 7.0 3.4 3.4 29.1 29.8 40.2 2.5
Johor Bahru, Malaysia 6.9 3.7 4.9 27.1 20.2 51.3 1.9
Groningen, Netherlands 6.9 5.3 4.1 19.0 24.1 42.0 2.4
Maribor, Slovenia 6.8 4.8 4.9 20.8 20.5 46.0 2.2
Bhubaneswar, India 6.8 3.2 4.3 31.1 23.0 72.3 1.4
Gent, Belgium 6.8 5.3 5.7 18.7 17.4 40.7 2.5
Cape Town, South Africa 6.7 7.7 7.4 12.9 13.4 71.2 1.4
Columbus, OH, United States 6.7 4.0 7.4 25.2 13.5 55.8 1.8
Nanaimo, BC, Canada 6.7 7.0 6.1 14.3 16.3 58.8 1.7
Grenoble, France 6.7 4.1 4.0 24.4 25.0 37.0 2.7
Larnaca, Cyprus 6.6 9.3 10.0 10.8 10.0 43.3 2.3
Brussels, Belgium 6.6 5.2 5.3 19.2 19.0 39.6 2.5
Nicosia, Cyprus 6.6 6.4 7.2 15.6 13.9 42.7 2.3
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 6.5 4.9 5.4 20.3 18.4 46.0 2.2
Valencia, Spain 6.4 6.3 8.2 15.9 12.2 38.8 2.6
Raleigh, NC, United States 6.3 5.9 8.5 16.8 11.8 54.5 1.8
Doha, Qatar 6.3 8.3 7.2 12.1 13.9 46.1 2.2
Winnipeg, Canada 6.2 6.0 6.8 16.5 14.6 48.1 2.1
Turku, Finland 6.2 3.4 5.8 29.5 17.2 35.8 2.8
Yangon, Myanmar 6.2 20.3 36.6 4.9 2.7 82.5 1.2
Malmo, Sweden 6.1 4.1 4.7 24.3 21.4 36.9 2.7
Austin, TX, United States 6.1 6.0 9.1 16.7 11.0 51.9 1.9
Antwerp, Belgium 6.0 5.3 5.5 18.9 18.1 36.9 2.7
Bangalore, India 6.0 3.8 4.5 26.6 22.0 61.8 1.6
The Hague (Den Haag), Netherlands 5.9 4.8 5.2 20.9 19.3 37.5 2.7
Cork, Ireland 5.9 8.1 8.4 12.3 11.8 39.2 2.5
Faisalabad, Pakistan 5.8 8.1 8.2 12.3 12.2 81.5 1.2
Eindhoven, Netherlands 5.6 5.4 5.8 18.4 17.3 34.4 2.9
Aalborg, Denmark 5.6 3.7 3.6 27.4 27.7 33.9 3.0
Miami, FL, United States 5.5 9.4 13.4 10.6 7.4 44.9 2.2
Rotterdam, Netherlands 5.5 5.8 7.3 17.2 13.6 33.7 3.0
Reno, NV, United States 5.5 9.3 9.1 10.7 11.0 44.6 2.2
Noida, India 5.4 3.9 4.8 25.8 20.7 53.7 1.9
Seattle, WA, United States 5.3 6.9 7.8 14.4 12.8 43.7 2.3
Aberdeen, United Kingdom 5.3 5.1 4.6 19.6 21.7 36.4 2.7
Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 5.2 9.4 7.5 10.6 13.4 40.0 2.5
Ramallah, Palestine 5.0 9.4 10.1 10.7 9.9 45.9 2.2
Portland, OR, United States 5.0 7.3 8.2 13.7 12.2 40.4 2.5
Coventry, United Kingdom 4.8 5.1 4.8 19.5 20.9 35.8 2.8
Christchurch, New Zealand 4.8 5.7 9.2 17.7 10.9 35.0 2.9
Calgary, Canada 4.6 6.4 7.3 15.6 13.7 37.6 2.7
Muscat, Oman 4.3 7.3 8.3 13.6 12.0 34.2 2.9
Fort Lauderdale, FL, United States 4.2 9.5 12.6 10.5 8.0 33.3 3.0
San Antonio, TX, United States 4.1 7.6 7.3 13.2 13.6 34.3 2.9
Tampa, FL, United States 4.1 8.7 12.7 11.5 7.9 33.5 3.0
Albuquerque, NM, United States 4.1 6.3 8.1 15.9 12.4 34.2 2.9
Orlando, FL, United States 3.9 8.3 10.8 12.0 9.2 32.2 3.1
Nashville, TN, United States 3.9 10.2 13.1 9.8 7.6 30.8 3.2
Charlotte, NC, United States 3.8 11.5 11.2 8.7 8.9 31.3 3.2
Port Elizabeth, South Africa 3.7 10.9 12.9 9.2 7.7 39.4 2.5
Denver, CO, United States 3.7 8.7 10.7 11.5 9.4 28.8 3.5
Jacksonville, FL, United States 3.6 8.2 8.3 12.2 12.0 28.8 3.5
Dubai, United Arab Emirates 3.6 10.8 10.0 9.2 10.0 26.0 3.8
Salt Lake City, UT, United States 3.6 9.3 10.6 10.8 9.4 28.5 3.5
Las Vegas, NV, United States 3.5 10.3 9.7 9.7 10.3 28.4 3.5
Durban, South Africa 3.4 12.3 8.4 8.1 12.0 35.8 2.8
Jeddah (Jiddah), Saudi Arabia 3.4 7.9 7.3 12.6 13.6 25.6 3.9
Chicago, IL, United States 3.4 11.4 11.4 8.8 8.8 28.3 3.5
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 3.3 8.6 9.0 11.6 11.1 24.0 4.2
Edmonton, Canada 3.3 8.7 8.4 11.4 12.0 26.6 3.8
Atlanta, GA, United States 3.2 10.4 13.6 9.6 7.4 25.1 4.0
Ad Dammam, Saudi Arabia 3.0 7.6 6.1 13.1 16.5 21.9 4.6
Dallas, TX, United States 2.6 11.9 14.5 8.4 6.9 20.0 5.0
Johannesburg, South Africa 2.5 11.5 12.4 8.7 8.0 27.2 3.7
Phoenix, AZ, United States 2.5 13.9 13.1 7.2 7.6 19.5 5.1
Houston, TX, United States 2.3 11.9 14.7 8.4 6.8 18.3 5.5
Pretoria, South Africa 2.0 17.4 12.8 5.8 7.8 21.1 4.7