Property Prices Index by City 2023

You are looking at Property Prices Index 2023. These indices are historical and they are published periodically. It's a snapshot of the current indices at a specific point in time.

To access current rankings please visit Property Prices Index Rate (Current).

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Rank
City
Price To Income Ratio
Gross Rental Yield City Centre
Gross Rental Yield Outside of Centre
Price To Rent Ratio City Centre
Price To Rent Ratio Outside Of City Centre
Mortgage As A Percentage Of Income
Affordability Index
Shanghai, China 46.6 1.6 1.6 60.8 62.2 369.6 0.3
Beijing, China 45.8 1.6 1.6 62.7 61.0 361.6 0.3
Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China) 44.9 1.7 1.7 58.6 58.8 286.8 0.3
Colombo, Sri Lanka 43.7 3.7 2.5 26.8 40.7 737.7 0.1
Beirut, Lebanon 41.3 4.7 7.3 21.5 13.7 496.3 0.2
Shenzhen, China 40.1 1.1 1.2 94.0 81.2 316.1 0.3
Manila, Philippines 37.6 4.3 2.7 23.4 36.9 380.5 0.3
Guangzhou, China 37.3 1.0 1.4 96.1 69.9 297.7 0.3
Mumbai, India 36.6 2.3 2.7 42.7 37.2 367.8 0.3
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam 34.5 2.8 3.5 35.6 28.3 378.4 0.3
Kathmandu, Nepal 33.9 2.3 3.0 43.4 33.4 460.9 0.2
Phnom Penh, Cambodia 33.6 6.4 5.3 15.6 18.8 395.3 0.3
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 31.5 10.2 6.6 9.8 15.2 541.7 0.2
Bangkok, Thailand 31.5 3.4 3.4 29.6 29.6 263.1 0.4
Seoul, South Korea 30.8 1.1 1.4 92.8 69.0 214.9 0.5
Shiraz, Iran 30.7 11.4 3.8 8.8 26.2 576.1 0.2
Taipei, Taiwan (China) 29.5 1.2 1.3 86.2 75.2 173.7 0.6
Hangzhou, China 29.2 1.5 1.8 65.2 55.1 233.7 0.4
Tehran, Iran 29.0 6.4 7.8 15.6 12.9 598.1 0.2
Buenos Aires, Argentina 27.7 2.7 2.5 36.6 40.0 1248.4 0.1
Caracas, Venezuela 26.5 11.3 6.2 8.8 16.1 717.6 0.1
Isfahan (Esfahan), Iran 25.8 4.8 10.4 20.7 9.6 579.8 0.2
Algiers, Algeria 25.6 3.0 2.7 33.3 37.6 236.9 0.4
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 23.8 4.3 4.8 23.4 20.9 270.1 0.4
Sao Paulo, Brazil 23.4 4.9 4.7 20.6 21.5 263.1 0.4
Macao, Macao (China) 22.7 1.9 2.3 52.9 43.0 143.9 0.7
Surabaya, Indonesia 21.9 2.6 3.8 38.5 26.1 226.4 0.4
Bogota, Colombia 21.8 5.0 4.6 19.9 21.6 280.5 0.4
Moscow, Russia 21.6 3.1 3.3 32.3 30.5 245.7 0.4
Istanbul, Turkey 21.0 5.6 6.5 18.0 15.4 503.8 0.2
Mashhad, Iran 20.8 8.2 5.3 12.1 18.8 411.4 0.2
Belo Horizonte, Brazil 20.7 3.7 4.6 27.0 21.7 252.4 0.4
Tel Aviv-Yafo, Israel 20.5 2.4 2.7 41.4 36.7 142.6 0.7
Saint Petersburg, Russia 20.3 3.3 3.1 30.4 32.8 262.7 0.4
Jakarta, Indonesia 20.3 4.5 5.2 22.4 19.3 224.3 0.4
Paris, France 20.2 2.5 2.5 40.0 39.7 119.4 0.8
Lisbon, Portugal 19.6 4.7 5.4 21.1 18.6 123.3 0.8
Belgrade, Serbia 19.6 4.4 4.7 22.7 21.3 146.0 0.7
Dubrovnik, Croatia 19.3 2.5 2.5 40.4 39.4 138.3 0.7
Prague, Czech Republic 19.3 2.7 2.9 37.4 34.6 162.4 0.6
Milan, Italy 19.0 3.3 4.3 30.0 23.4 112.7 0.9
Chengdu, China 19.0 2.5 2.6 39.8 38.7 152.4 0.7
Rabat, Morocco 19.0 4.7 5.2 21.1 19.3 143.9 0.7
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic 18.9 8.9 6.2 11.2 16.0 250.7 0.4
Santiago, Chile 18.7 4.4 4.2 22.6 23.7 163.8 0.6
Jerusalem, Israel 18.4 2.3 2.4 42.8 42.0 131.5 0.8
Karachi, Pakistan 18.0 4.0 5.0 25.1 20.1 282.4 0.4
Kazan, Russia 17.8 3.7 3.7 27.3 27.4 219.9 0.5
Taichung, Taiwan (China) 17.8 1.9 2.7 53.6 36.7 105.5 0.9
Lima, Peru 17.6 5.8 5.2 17.3 19.1 182.1 0.5
Tirana, Albania 17.5 4.4 5.4 22.7 18.4 134.1 0.7
Zadar, Croatia 17.4 3.4 3.2 29.5 30.9 126.6 0.8
Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia 17.4 5.2 5.8 19.4 17.1 179.2 0.6
Innsbruck, Austria 17.3 2.4 2.8 42.2 36.0 104.7 1.0
Bratislava, Slovakia 17.0 3.0 3.1 33.3 32.6 100.4 1.0
Eskisehir, Turkey 17.0 2.9 3.7 34.4 27.1 350.4 0.3
Vladivostok, Russia 16.9 5.2 4.8 19.2 20.6 205.7 0.5
Hanoi, Vietnam 16.9 3.9 4.1 25.8 24.5 196.9 0.5
Novi Sad, Serbia 16.8 3.8 3.8 26.7 26.6 119.7 0.8
Krasnodar, Russia 16.6 3.2 3.2 31.5 31.0 197.0 0.5
Yerevan, Armenia 16.6 9.0 12.6 11.2 8.0 222.0 0.5
Kaliningrad, Russia 16.5 3.4 3.9 29.4 25.7 195.4 0.5
Brno, Czech Republic 16.4 2.8 2.7 35.6 36.4 127.1 0.8
Rome, Italy 16.2 3.7 4.7 27.3 21.5 99.3 1.0
Quezon City, Philippines 16.2 5.9 8.7 17.1 11.5 151.8 0.7
Munich, Germany 16.1 2.4 2.5 40.9 39.7 98.2 1.0
Mexico City, Mexico 16.0 6.2 6.0 16.1 16.8 192.0 0.5
London, United Kingdom 16.0 3.5 4.2 28.7 23.8 108.7 0.9
Cluj-Napoca, Romania 15.9 3.2 3.0 31.6 33.6 134.9 0.7
Split, Croatia 15.7 2.8 2.7 35.7 37.4 102.1 1.0
Saint Helier, Jersey 15.5 4.4 3.7 22.7 26.7 100.9 1.0
Kosice, Slovakia 15.5 3.5 3.6 28.7 27.8 92.7 1.1
Singapore, Singapore 15.5 3.3 4.7 30.4 21.3 100.7 1.0
Dhaka, Bangladesh 15.4 3.2 3.9 31.1 25.8 174.2 0.6
Medellin, Colombia 15.4 5.7 4.9 17.4 20.6 182.5 0.5
Skopje, North Macedonia 15.3 3.5 3.4 28.3 29.1 116.3 0.9
Casablanca, Morocco 15.3 5.1 5.7 19.7 17.6 120.9 0.8
Tunis, Tunisia 15.2 5.4 5.1 18.7 19.6 204.9 0.5
Florence, Italy 15.2 3.5 3.9 28.3 25.4 90.1 1.1
Nizhny Novgorod, Russia 15.2 4.0 3.4 25.0 29.8 167.7 0.6
Gdynia, Poland 15.2 3.3 4.6 30.2 21.9 137.2 0.7
Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan 15.2 8.8 6.7 11.4 15.0 248.9 0.4
Alexandria, Egypt 15.2 4.9 7.9 20.6 12.7 211.3 0.5
Novosibirsk, Russia 15.1 4.1 4.7 24.3 21.5 204.2 0.5
Baghdad, Iraq 15.1 4.5 6.1 22.1 16.3 155.5 0.6
Pristina, Kosovo (Disputed Territory) 15.0 3.9 5.7 25.5 17.6 112.6 0.9
Ramat Gan, Israel 15.0 3.0 3.5 33.6 28.9 105.4 0.9
Porto Alegre, Brazil 15.0 5.3 4.9 19.0 20.4 152.2 0.7
Mersin, Turkey 14.9 4.5 4.4 22.0 22.8 292.7 0.3
Tripoli, Libya 14.9 4.3 7.2 23.5 13.9 242.1 0.4
Kiev (Kyiv), Ukraine 14.8 5.3 6.0 18.8 16.7 242.2 0.4
Budapest, Hungary 14.8 3.2 3.5 31.5 28.4 152.6 0.7
Ufa, Russia 14.8 4.2 3.8 24.0 26.6 163.1 0.6
Bandung, Indonesia 14.8 4.2 5.7 23.8 17.5 176.0 0.6
Asuncion, Paraguay 14.7 6.1 7.3 16.5 13.8 173.2 0.6
Curitiba, Brazil 14.7 3.6 4.0 27.4 25.1 167.8 0.6
Gdansk, Poland 14.5 3.2 4.3 30.9 23.4 127.9 0.8
Tbilisi, Georgia 14.5 10.4 12.4 9.6 8.1 192.1 0.5
Warsaw, Poland 14.4 4.0 4.8 24.7 20.7 146.1 0.7
Delhi, India 14.4 2.4 3.6 41.9 27.9 146.3 0.7
Minsk, Belarus 14.4 4.6 5.1 21.5 19.6 293.8 0.3
Ljubljana, Slovenia 14.4 3.4 3.6 29.6 28.0 88.1 1.1
Odessa (Odesa), Ukraine 14.3 5.1 4.8 19.7 21.0 255.3 0.4
Samara, Russia 14.3 4.1 3.9 24.4 25.5 190.2 0.5
Guatemala City, Guatemala 14.3 8.3 9.0 12.1 11.1 142.2 0.7
Stockholm, Sweden 14.3 2.7 3.2 37.0 31.2 94.0 1.1
Debrecen, Hungary 14.2 3.2 3.1 31.2 32.0 124.6 0.8
Zagreb, Croatia 14.2 3.2 3.5 30.8 29.0 97.3 1.0
Baku, Azerbaijan 14.2 4.8 5.6 21.0 18.0 152.1 0.7
Nis, Serbia 14.2 3.1 3.1 32.7 31.9 98.5 1.0
Antalya, Turkey 13.9 9.9 13.0 10.1 7.7 284.4 0.4
Tashkent, Uzbekistan 13.9 8.6 11.3 11.6 8.9 290.8 0.3
Perm, Russia 13.8 4.0 3.5 25.0 28.3 175.1 0.6
Tuzla, Bosnia And Herzegovina 13.7 2.7 2.9 36.8 34.8 92.6 1.1
Banja Luka, Bosnia And Herzegovina 13.6 3.3 3.1 30.4 32.6 105.9 0.9
Kuwait City, Kuwait 13.6 3.0 4.9 32.8 20.4 113.5 0.9
Marrakech, Morocco 13.5 6.9 5.9 14.4 16.9 111.6 0.9
Athens, Greece 13.5 4.3 4.0 23.5 24.8 99.5 1.0
Brasilia, Brazil 13.5 4.4 4.1 22.7 24.2 152.9 0.7
Izmir, Turkey 13.5 5.6 5.7 17.7 17.7 283.9 0.4
Porto, Portugal 13.4 5.1 6.3 19.8 15.9 83.6 1.2
Vilnius, Lithuania 13.4 4.0 4.2 25.1 23.9 84.9 1.2
Frankfurt, Germany 13.2 2.6 2.7 39.0 37.4 88.3 1.1
Krakow (Cracow), Poland 13.0 3.5 4.3 28.6 23.3 120.5 0.8
Nairobi, Kenya 13.0 5.9 7.5 17.0 13.4 176.3 0.6
Wellington, New Zealand 12.9 4.5 4.3 22.3 23.0 102.2 1.0
Toronto, Canada 12.9 3.7 4.1 26.8 24.7 108.2 0.9
Constanta, Romania 12.9 4.8 4.3 20.8 23.2 117.4 0.9
Vancouver, Canada 12.9 4.0 3.9 25.3 25.5 97.9 1.0
Poznan, Poland 12.8 3.7 4.2 27.0 24.0 96.8 1.0
Almaty, Kazakhstan 12.8 8.7 8.8 11.5 11.3 186.9 0.5
Montevideo, Uruguay 12.7 4.6 5.2 22.0 19.2 152.0 0.7
Luxembourg, Luxembourg 12.6 3.0 3.3 33.6 30.8 76.0 1.3
Tokyo, Japan 12.6 3.1 2.9 32.6 35.1 70.2 1.4
Wroclaw, Poland 12.5 4.1 5.1 24.3 19.7 120.6 0.8
Victoria, Canada 12.5 3.8 3.8 26.2 26.5 101.5 1.0
Kaohsiung, Taiwan (China) 12.5 2.1 2.6 47.4 38.0 77.9 1.3
Oradea, Romania 12.5 4.1 3.7 24.3 27.4 108.3 0.9
Kharkiv, Ukraine 12.4 5.8 6.4 17.3 15.6 173.9 0.6
Tallinn, Estonia 12.3 3.7 3.8 27.4 26.1 76.7 1.3
Dnipro, Ukraine 12.3 6.7 5.8 14.9 17.1 185.4 0.5
Plzen, Czech Republic 12.2 2.5 2.8 40.5 35.8 91.0 1.1
Lagos, Nigeria 12.2 61.8 72.6 1.6 1.4 220.4 0.5
Sydney, Australia 12.2 3.1 3.5 31.8 28.2 86.0 1.2
Bialystok, Poland 12.2 4.0 4.2 25.3 23.7 118.0 0.8
Geneva, Switzerland 12.1 2.9 3.4 33.9 29.7 68.8 1.5
Podgorica, Montenegro 12.0 4.5 4.4 22.3 22.9 103.0 1.0
Rijeka, Croatia 11.9 3.8 4.2 26.5 23.9 83.8 1.2
Cairo, Egypt 11.9 7.8 7.1 12.8 14.0 156.0 0.6
Sarajevo, Bosnia And Herzegovina 11.8 2.7 3.1 36.4 32.4 80.9 1.2
Quito, Ecuador 11.8 7.0 5.5 14.2 18.3 139.4 0.7
Bursa, Turkey 11.8 4.6 5.3 21.6 18.8 241.7 0.4
Thessaloniki, Greece 11.7 4.2 4.6 23.9 21.9 85.6 1.2
Chennai, India 11.7 2.4 4.0 41.8 25.1 116.6 0.9
Lviv, Ukraine 11.7 5.9 6.6 16.9 15.2 173.3 0.6
Vienna, Austria 11.5 2.4 2.9 42.3 34.4 69.8 1.4
Voronezh, Russia 11.5 3.9 3.5 25.7 28.8 133.5 0.7
Olomouc, Czech Republic 11.5 3.6 3.2 28.1 31.3 86.1 1.2
Cuenca, Ecuador 11.5 7.5 6.4 13.3 15.5 150.1 0.7
Chisinau, Moldova 11.4 5.8 6.3 17.2 15.8 147.0 0.7
Barranquilla, Colombia 11.4 7.9 5.1 12.7 19.7 146.8 0.7
Lahore, Pakistan 11.4 6.3 6.4 15.9 15.7 164.1 0.6
Iasi, Romania 11.4 4.0 4.0 24.9 25.0 94.7 1.1
Berlin, Germany 11.4 3.5 3.6 28.3 27.5 70.4 1.4
Hamburg, Germany 11.3 2.8 3.2 35.8 31.5 70.0 1.4
Santa Cruz, Bolivia 11.2 6.6 6.6 15.1 15.1 101.3 1.0
Zurich, Switzerland 11.2 2.5 3.2 40.5 31.3 64.9 1.5
Madrid, Spain 11.2 4.0 4.5 25.1 22.3 69.8 1.4
La Paz, Bolivia 11.1 4.7 5.1 21.2 19.6 111.8 0.9
Oslo, Norway 11.1 3.0 3.3 33.1 30.0 72.7 1.4
Guayaquil, Ecuador 11.1 6.4 4.7 15.7 21.4 113.2 0.9
Stuttgart, Germany 11.1 2.6 2.7 38.6 36.5 71.2 1.4
Dusseldorf, Germany 11.1 2.9 2.8 34.5 35.2 69.9 1.4
Nice, France 11.0 3.0 4.1 33.2 24.2 61.8 1.6
Timisoara, Romania 10.9 3.9 4.0 25.5 25.0 89.5 1.1
Chittagong, Bangladesh 10.9 3.7 4.2 27.1 24.0 117.1 0.9
Coimbra, Portugal 10.8 4.6 5.6 21.5 17.9 67.6 1.5
Bucharest, Romania 10.8 4.1 4.6 24.2 21.6 97.4 1.0
Haarlem, Netherlands 10.8 4.9 4.6 20.3 21.8 69.3 1.4
Bolzano-Bozen, Italy 10.8 3.1 3.3 32.3 30.0 60.7 1.6
Sibiu, Romania 10.7 4.0 4.4 24.9 22.9 101.6 1.0
Auckland, New Zealand 10.7 3.4 3.9 29.0 25.4 81.8 1.2
Barcelona, Spain 10.7 4.5 5.5 22.4 18.1 65.5 1.5
Islamabad, Pakistan 10.7 7.9 7.4 12.6 13.5 141.6 0.7
Bologna, Italy 10.6 4.2 4.6 23.8 21.9 64.4 1.6
Szczecin, Poland 10.6 4.5 5.2 22.2 19.3 89.4 1.1
Panama City, Panama 10.5 9.7 8.8 10.3 11.4 90.5 1.1
Lodz, Poland 10.5 4.4 4.7 22.9 21.1 91.9 1.1
Katowice, Poland 10.4 3.3 4.6 30.6 21.8 83.9 1.2
Helsinki, Finland 10.4 2.9 3.9 35.0 25.9 58.6 1.7
Sofia, Bulgaria 10.3 3.8 4.4 26.1 22.7 69.8 1.4
Amsterdam, Netherlands 10.3 4.1 5.1 24.5 19.5 66.7 1.5
Batumi, Ajara, Georgia 10.3 10.5 12.0 9.6 8.3 142.0 0.7
New York, NY, United States 10.2 5.6 5.4 17.7 18.5 84.2 1.2
Merida, Mexico 10.1 9.1 6.5 11.0 15.4 133.2 0.8
Kaunas, Lithuania 10.1 3.7 4.2 27.0 24.0 64.1 1.6
Brisbane, Australia 10.1 3.8 4.0 26.1 25.2 76.7 1.3
Heidelberg, Germany 10.1 3.0 3.2 32.8 31.4 56.6 1.8
Craiova, Romania 10.0 3.7 4.4 26.8 22.8 89.5 1.1
Dublin, Ireland 9.9 5.7 7.8 17.6 12.8 68.6 1.5
Brasov, Romania 9.9 5.0 5.2 20.0 19.2 91.3 1.1
Petaling Jaya, Malaysia 9.8 3.7 5.0 26.8 19.9 74.4 1.3
San Jose, Costa Rica 9.7 7.3 7.5 13.7 13.3 98.9 1.0
Graz, Austria 9.6 2.6 3.1 38.2 32.2 57.3 1.7
Espoo, Finland 9.5 3.4 4.0 29.1 24.7 53.4 1.9
Lyon, France 9.4 3.1 2.9 32.1 34.1 55.3 1.8
Mississauga, Canada 9.4 4.5 5.0 22.4 20.1 75.7 1.3
Osijek, Croatia 9.3 4.3 3.5 23.3 28.8 66.7 1.5
Kochi, India 9.3 2.6 3.1 38.2 32.1 92.7 1.1
San Francisco, CA, United States 9.2 6.1 5.3 16.4 18.7 73.2 1.4
Varna, Bulgaria 9.2 4.2 5.3 23.7 18.9 62.0 1.6
Yekaterinburg, Russia 9.2 4.1 4.5 24.4 22.0 121.2 0.8
Penang, Malaysia 9.1 3.4 4.2 29.1 24.1 63.5 1.6
Tartu, Estonia 9.1 3.9 4.2 25.9 23.8 56.1 1.8
HsinChu, Taiwan (China) 9.0 2.1 2.4 47.0 41.7 52.3 1.9
Copenhagen, Denmark 9.0 4.6 4.9 21.6 20.4 52.9 1.9
Ahmedabad, India 9.0 9.3 22.1 10.8 4.5 88.9 1.1
Quebec City, Canada 9.0 2.0 5.9 50.6 16.8 74.9 1.3
Surat, India 8.9 6.2 8.8 16.0 11.3 87.4 1.1
Riga, Latvia 8.9 4.1 4.9 24.1 20.5 56.5 1.8
Nuremberg, Germany 8.8 2.7 2.5 36.7 39.5 53.6 1.9
Gothenburg, Sweden 8.8 3.6 4.0 27.5 24.8 57.5 1.7
Honolulu, HI, United States 8.7 5.4 6.4 18.5 15.5 74.7 1.3
Haifa, Israel 8.6 3.0 3.2 33.8 31.1 59.6 1.7
Ankara, Turkey 8.6 7.7 7.1 13.0 14.2 184.2 0.5
San Juan, Puerto Rico 8.6 11.7 14.4 8.5 7.0 65.2 1.5
Montreal, Canada 8.4 3.8 4.9 26.6 20.4 69.1 1.4
Seville (Sevilla), Spain 8.4 4.1 5.1 24.6 19.5 54.2 1.8
Pune, India 8.4 3.1 3.5 32.3 28.8 85.1 1.2
Linz, Austria 8.4 3.8 3.8 26.5 26.0 51.9 1.9
Limassol, Cyprus 8.4 9.9 10.6 10.1 9.4 54.7 1.8
Malaga, Spain 8.4 4.4 5.5 22.5 18.2 51.5 1.9
Amman, Jordan 8.3 5.8 7.2 17.2 13.9 81.4 1.2
Hyderabad, India 8.3 3.9 4.6 25.9 21.6 83.0 1.2
Edinburgh, United Kingdom 8.3 5.1 4.6 19.7 21.7 51.9 1.9
Tromso, Norway 8.2 3.7 3.5 27.3 28.7 54.3 1.8
Turin, Italy 8.2 4.1 5.4 24.5 18.7 48.4 2.1
Melbourne, Australia 8.2 4.3 3.8 23.1 26.6 57.9 1.7
Valencia, Spain 8.1 5.5 7.0 18.3 14.3 51.0 2.0
Boston, MA, United States 8.1 5.5 6.9 18.3 14.5 64.4 1.6
Utrecht, Netherlands 8.0 4.6 5.1 21.9 19.6 53.7 1.9
Guadalajara, Mexico 7.9 7.6 9.7 13.2 10.3 96.0 1.0
Ostrava, Czech Republic 7.9 4.4 4.3 22.7 23.0 59.6 1.7
Plovdiv, Bulgaria 7.9 4.8 5.3 20.7 19.0 54.4 1.8
San Jose, CA, United States 7.9 4.4 5.7 22.8 17.7 63.5 1.6
San Diego, CA, United States 7.8 5.9 5.8 16.9 17.2 63.5 1.6
Bergen, Norway 7.8 3.8 4.9 26.3 20.2 50.0 2.0
Johor Bahru, Malaysia 7.7 3.8 4.9 26.3 20.2 57.2 1.7
Astana (Nur-Sultan), Kazakhstan 7.7 9.2 7.9 10.9 12.7 114.6 0.9
Stavanger, Norway 7.7 4.1 3.9 24.6 25.9 53.1 1.9
Coimbatore, India 7.7 5.1 4.5 19.7 22.0 87.2 1.1
Liverpool, United Kingdom 7.7 4.3 5.9 23.2 16.9 52.9 1.9
Indore, India 7.6 3.0 3.7 32.8 27.1 81.7 1.2
Kolkata, India 7.6 3.7 4.2 26.7 23.8 77.6 1.3
Monterrey, Mexico 7.6 7.5 7.8 13.4 12.8 92.1 1.1
Tampere, Finland 7.5 3.7 3.8 26.8 26.1 42.1 2.4
Reykjavik, Iceland 7.4 4.9 5.8 20.4 17.2 61.7 1.6
Trondheim, Norway 7.4 3.4 3.7 29.3 26.9 47.6 2.1
Gurgaon, India 7.4 3.7 4.4 27.1 22.5 75.6 1.3
Belfast, United Kingdom 7.4 5.2 4.9 19.2 20.5 48.2 2.1
Arhus, Denmark 7.3 3.9 4.4 25.7 22.6 45.9 2.2
Lucknow (Lakhnau), India 7.3 3.2 3.3 31.6 30.6 76.0 1.3
Perth, Australia 7.3 5.5 4.9 18.2 20.3 57.3 1.7
Los Angeles, CA, United States 7.3 6.1 7.2 16.5 14.0 58.5 1.7
Glasgow, United Kingdom 7.2 3.7 5.7 27.3 17.7 50.1 2.0
Basel, Switzerland 7.1 3.4 3.4 29.1 29.8 41.2 2.4
Manchester, United Kingdom 7.1 5.3 5.4 18.9 18.4 47.2 2.1
Gent, Belgium 7.0 5.3 5.7 18.7 17.4 41.9 2.4
Groningen, Netherlands 6.9 5.1 4.1 19.5 24.6 42.0 2.4
Cape Town, South Africa 6.9 7.6 7.4 13.2 13.5 72.3 1.4
Maribor, Slovenia 6.9 4.8 4.8 21.0 20.8 46.4 2.2
Toulouse, France 6.9 3.7 3.9 27.0 25.8 38.7 2.6
Bhubaneswar, India 6.8 3.3 4.5 30.1 22.2 72.0 1.4
Columbus, OH, United States 6.7 4.0 7.3 25.2 13.8 55.2 1.8
Brussels, Belgium 6.7 5.2 5.2 19.3 19.3 39.3 2.5
Nicosia, Cyprus 6.7 6.4 7.1 15.6 14.0 43.0 2.3
Nanaimo, BC, Canada 6.7 7.0 6.1 14.3 16.3 58.8 1.7
Grenoble, France 6.7 4.1 4.0 24.4 25.0 37.0 2.7
Adelaide, Australia 6.6 5.5 7.2 18.0 13.9 50.0 2.0
Larnaca, Cyprus 6.6 9.3 10.1 10.8 9.9 43.2 2.3
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 6.5 4.7 5.2 21.1 19.1 45.5 2.2
Doha, Qatar 6.4 8.4 7.4 11.9 13.6 46.9 2.1
Canberra, Australia 6.4 6.3 6.9 15.9 14.5 44.3 2.3
Reno, NV, United States 6.2 9.3 9.1 10.7 11.0 51.0 2.0
Turku, Finland 6.2 3.4 5.8 29.5 17.2 35.8 2.8
Yangon, Myanmar 6.2 20.3 36.6 4.9 2.7 82.5 1.2
Bangalore, India 6.1 3.9 4.7 25.9 21.4 61.5 1.6
Malmo, Sweden 6.1 4.1 4.7 24.3 21.4 36.9 2.7
Antwerp, Belgium 6.1 5.3 5.5 18.9 18.1 36.3 2.8
Raleigh, NC, United States 6.1 6.1 8.8 16.5 11.4 51.9 1.9
Austin, TX, United States 6.0 6.0 9.2 16.6 10.8 51.1 2.0
The Hague (Den Haag), Netherlands 5.9 4.7 5.1 21.4 19.6 37.1 2.7
Miami, FL, United States 5.8 8.8 13.6 11.4 7.3 47.3 2.1
Faisalabad, Pakistan 5.8 8.1 8.2 12.3 12.2 81.5 1.2
Cork, Ireland 5.8 8.1 8.8 12.4 11.4 38.3 2.6
Eindhoven, Netherlands 5.7 5.4 5.7 18.6 17.6 34.8 2.9
Rotterdam, Netherlands 5.6 5.8 7.3 17.4 13.7 35.0 2.9
Aalborg, Denmark 5.6 3.7 3.6 27.4 27.7 33.9 3.0
Noida, India 5.4 3.9 4.8 25.8 20.7 53.7 1.9
Seattle, WA, United States 5.4 6.6 7.6 15.1 13.1 44.2 2.3
Aberdeen, United Kingdom 5.3 5.1 4.6 19.6 21.9 36.4 2.7
Ramallah, Palestine 5.0 8.9 9.2 11.2 10.8 45.8 2.2
Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 5.0 9.4 7.8 10.6 12.9 37.6 2.7
Coventry, United Kingdom 4.8 5.1 4.8 19.5 20.9 35.8 2.8
Portland, OR, United States 4.6 7.6 8.7 13.2 11.5 36.8 2.7
Christchurch, New Zealand 4.5 6.5 9.2 15.5 10.9 32.7 3.1
Calgary, Canada 4.3 6.7 7.3 15.0 13.7 33.8 3.0
San Antonio, TX, United States 4.1 7.6 7.3 13.2 13.6 34.3 2.9
Muscat, Oman 4.1 7.5 8.4 13.2 12.0 32.7 3.1
Fort Lauderdale, FL, United States 4.1 9.3 13.5 10.7 7.4 32.0 3.1
Nashville, TN, United States 3.9 9.2 13.4 10.8 7.5 31.5 3.2
Albuquerque, NM, United States 3.8 6.5 8.7 15.3 11.5 31.6 3.2
Tampa, FL, United States 3.6 9.3 13.3 10.7 7.5 29.8 3.4
Dubai, United Arab Emirates 3.6 10.3 9.8 9.7 10.2 26.0 3.9
Salt Lake City, UT, United States 3.6 9.2 10.6 10.8 9.5 28.7 3.5
Denver, CO, United States 3.5 8.6 10.5 11.6 9.5 27.8 3.6
Jeddah (Jiddah), Saudi Arabia 3.5 8.0 7.4 12.5 13.6 25.9 3.9
Chicago, IL, United States 3.4 11.4 11.4 8.8 8.8 28.7 3.5
Durban, South Africa 3.4 12.3 8.4 8.1 12.0 35.8 2.8
Las Vegas, NV, United States 3.4 10.6 9.9 9.5 10.1 27.7 3.6
Charlotte, NC, United States 3.4 11.9 12.5 8.4 8.0 27.9 3.6
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 3.3 8.4 8.8 11.8 11.4 24.0 4.2
Atlanta, GA, United States 3.3 10.3 13.5 9.7 7.4 25.6 3.9
Edmonton, Canada 3.1 8.7 8.3 11.4 12.0 24.7 4.0
Ad Dammam, Saudi Arabia 3.0 7.6 6.1 13.1 16.5 21.9 4.6
Orlando, FL, United States 2.9 10.4 14.3 9.7 7.0 23.7 4.2
Jacksonville, FL, United States 2.9 10.0 9.5 10.0 10.5 22.5 4.4
Dallas, TX, United States 2.6 11.7 14.4 8.5 6.9 20.2 4.9
Phoenix, AZ, United States 2.4 13.9 12.9 7.2 7.8 19.2 5.2
Johannesburg, South Africa 2.4 11.9 12.6 8.4 8.0 26.3 3.8
Houston, TX, United States 2.4 11.9 14.7 8.4 6.8 18.6 5.4
Pretoria, South Africa 1.9 17.5 12.7 5.7 7.9 20.7 4.8