Cost of Living Index by City 2023

You are looking at Cost of Living Index 2023. These indices are historical and they are published periodically. It's a snapshot of the current indices at a specific point in time.

To access current rankings please visit Cost of Living Index Rate (Current).

Cost of Living Map
Select date:
Select display column:
Rank
City
Cost of Living Index
Rent Index
Cost of Living Plus Rent Index
Groceries Index
Restaurant Price Index
Local Purchasing Power Index
Hamilton, Bermuda 142.1 96.1 120.1 149.1 128.0 83.9
Basel, Switzerland 127.0 46.0 88.1 133.2 119.6 121.0
Zurich, Switzerland 120.8 61.8 92.5 116.8 119.0 122.9
Lausanne, Switzerland 119.7 53.6 88.0 116.3 113.0 103.6
Zug, Switzerland 118.5 65.6 93.1 112.8 126.6 128.1
Bern, Switzerland 116.1 37.6 78.5 118.4 108.2 132.4
Santa Barbara, CA, United States 112.2 92.9 103.0 119.1 115.3 71.0
George Town, Cayman Islands 107.2 74.3 91.4 99.2 105.1 76.2
Geneva, Switzerland 107.1 67.2 88.0 102.3 113.6 112.9
Honolulu, HI, United States 102.7 61.6 83.0 113.0 81.9 83.1
New York, NY, United States 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
San Francisco, CA, United States 99.6 92.4 96.1 99.7 97.3 104.0
Nassau, Bahamas 97.0 42.2 70.7 82.3 94.9 41.3
Oslo, Norway 93.5 38.8 67.3 85.5 98.2 95.2
Seattle, WA, United States 92.9 68.0 81.0 89.5 94.6 126.2
Stavanger, Norway 91.0 30.1 61.8 83.4 93.5 89.8
Oakland, CA, United States 90.1 75.2 83.0 91.9 81.1 90.9
Bergen, Norway 90.0 30.9 61.7 86.0 86.4 86.1
Anchorage, AK, United States 88.0 40.9 65.5 91.6 78.1 103.6
Trondheim, Norway 86.7 30.9 59.9 79.5 92.5 113.6
Tromso, Norway 86.4 31.2 59.9 80.1 96.8 100.0
Saint Helier, Jersey 86.0 53.3 70.4 65.0 111.9 68.1
Singapore, Singapore 85.9 85.3 85.6 74.0 58.4 95.6
Reykjavik, Iceland 85.8 39.1 63.4 80.6 90.2 92.6
Odense, Denmark 85.0 26.8 57.1 73.8 102.4 88.5
Sacramento, CA, United States 84.7 52.5 69.3 89.4 72.5 114.5
Boston, MA, United States 84.6 75.7 80.3 83.1 86.2 111.1
Irvine, CA, United States 84.0 72.7 78.6 75.6 88.9 129.4
Washington, DC, United States 83.8 69.1 76.7 82.7 82.5 127.9
San Jose, CA, United States 83.2 73.9 78.7 79.5 80.2 139.1
San Diego, CA, United States 82.9 76.2 79.7 77.6 83.6 118.3
Brisbane, Australia 82.5 41.5 62.8 77.7 72.9 100.0
Copenhagen, Denmark 82.3 45.8 64.8 63.6 98.3 97.0
Nashville, TN, United States 81.9 59.5 71.2 85.1 72.8 114.0
Miami, FL, United States 81.9 71.9 77.1 80.2 88.6 89.2
Denver, CO, United States 81.7 55.2 69.0 79.4 73.6 138.3
Sydney, Australia 81.5 53.2 67.9 73.9 75.1 110.6
Canberra, Australia 81.3 46.9 64.8 79.4 75.5 101.0
Adelaide, Australia 81.1 39.6 61.2 80.2 70.4 90.3
Portland, OR, United States 80.9 51.1 66.6 80.7 73.5 118.3
Arhus, Denmark 80.7 31.0 56.9 63.0 93.3 101.4
Netanya, Israel 80.5 29.1 55.9 65.0 94.5 70.2
New Orleans, LA, United States 80.5 45.1 63.5 79.5 79.3 95.8
Ramat Gan, Israel 80.5 36.1 59.2 70.7 88.5 74.8
Perth, Australia 80.4 39.4 60.8 73.3 76.8 99.7
Beirut, Lebanon 80.3 20.7 51.8 91.4 48.6 10.1
Tel Aviv-Yafo, Israel 80.3 47.6 64.6 66.8 89.5 81.0
Raleigh, NC, United States 80.1 59.6 70.2 73.8 80.4 110.1
Philadelphia, PA, United States 79.3 49.2 64.9 79.5 76.9 127.6
Chicago, IL, United States 79.0 58.4 69.1 75.5 82.1 121.3
Seoul, South Korea 78.9 33.9 57.3 98.2 45.5 80.9
Los Angeles, CA, United States 78.7 74.1 76.5 75.8 86.7 116.0
Auckland, New Zealand 78.1 40.0 59.8 74.5 71.8 97.9
Wellington, New Zealand 77.9 45.8 62.5 77.5 67.1 74.6
Melbourne, Australia 77.9 38.0 58.8 75.8 76.0 111.8
Pittsburgh, PA, United States 77.8 38.1 58.8 84.8 63.4 118.9
Charlotte, NC, United States 77.6 59.3 68.8 76.0 74.6 117.4
Cleveland, OH, United States 77.3 39.1 59.0 80.5 67.2 133.9
Espoo, Finland 77.3 30.9 55.1 69.5 86.3 93.7
Dallas, TX, United States 77.1 52.9 65.5 76.4 77.7 137.0
Buffalo, NY, United States 77.1 35.5 57.1 77.5 69.6 116.2
Dublin, Ireland 77.1 60.7 69.2 59.1 83.9 77.6
Nice, France 77.0 28.2 53.6 70.8 82.1 78.2
Aalborg, Denmark 76.9 21.1 50.1 64.2 86.0 117.3
Indianapolis, IN, United States 76.5 37.4 57.8 77.1 73.7 133.2
Baltimore, MD, United States 76.4 48.3 62.9 79.6 66.7 135.2
Haarlem, Netherlands 76.4 42.4 60.1 59.0 78.4 80.0
Tampa, FL, United States 76.3 59.2 68.1 71.1 78.0 127.8
Paris, France 76.1 43.7 60.6 74.2 69.8 77.9
Omaha, NE, United States 75.9 30.3 54.0 69.8 78.0 117.6
Petah Tikva, Israel 75.8 27.0 52.4 64.8 78.5 76.5
Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China) 75.7 66.3 71.2 79.5 53.6 67.7
Birmingham, AL, United States 75.0 37.6 57.1 79.4 67.0 86.5
Victoria, Canada 75.0 43.9 60.1 74.6 74.4 87.9
Fort Worth, TX, United States 75.0 43.0 59.7 78.7 62.7 126.6
Minneapolis, MN, United States 74.9 47.8 61.9 72.9 76.5 133.8
Haifa, Israel 74.7 20.3 48.6 63.1 77.3 90.7
Nanaimo, BC, Canada 74.7 34.8 55.6 74.7 63.6 83.1
Luxembourg, Luxembourg 74.6 51.2 63.4 66.3 84.7 118.2
Utrecht, Netherlands 74.4 36.8 56.4 60.4 73.7 99.0
Lyon, France 74.2 23.8 50.0 70.8 67.2 92.6
London, United Kingdom 74.2 63.8 69.2 53.4 77.9 88.1
Phoenix, AZ, United States 74.0 48.4 61.7 70.0 76.9 140.8
Detroit, MI, United States 74.0 37.8 56.6 70.7 65.8 116.9
Chattanooga, TN, United States 73.8 37.9 56.6 70.0 70.5 125.0
Atlanta, GA, United States 73.8 51.2 62.9 70.1 66.7 126.5
Tokyo, Japan 73.7 33.5 54.5 80.6 42.5 90.0
Milan, Italy 73.6 39.8 57.4 60.7 80.8 55.4
Jerusalem, Israel 73.5 34.2 54.6 62.7 81.0 84.2
Austin, TX, United States 73.2 66.4 69.9 70.3 78.7 128.3
Munich, Germany 73.1 41.4 57.9 63.0 66.6 101.6
Columbus, OH, United States 73.0 41.9 58.1 67.5 66.9 125.2
Toronto, Canada 73.0 47.3 60.7 67.3 78.7 91.0
Fort Lauderdale, FL, United States 72.9 63.0 68.2 70.0 81.2 122.4
Nijmegen, Netherlands 72.9 31.2 52.9 58.9 72.8 96.3
Spokane, WA, United States 72.7 40.9 57.5 68.3 74.7 113.9
Las Vegas, NV, United States 72.7 40.4 57.2 64.9 72.3 118.5
Reno, NV, United States 72.6 45.1 59.4 72.5 73.5 76.2
San Juan, Puerto Rico 72.5 47.7 60.6 71.7 67.0 43.2
Colorado Springs, CO, United States 72.1 38.7 56.1 68.0 77.8 133.6
Fresno, CA, United States 72.0 44.8 58.9 65.7 67.4 120.5
Madison, WI, United States 71.9 43.9 58.5 70.5 68.7 97.6
Vancouver, Canada 71.7 51.7 62.1 69.9 75.0 94.0
Orlando, FL, United States 71.4 50.7 61.5 68.6 75.6 138.8
Amsterdam, Netherlands 71.4 48.7 60.5 56.0 76.2 101.7
Calgary, Canada 71.3 32.3 52.6 65.3 71.8 117.1
Milwaukee, WI, United States 71.3 37.5 55.1 62.9 67.4 153.1
Breda, Netherlands 71.2 32.9 52.8 58.8 74.3 134.8
Valletta, Malta 70.9 34.8 53.6 58.2 73.4 37.7
Stockholm, Sweden 70.8 36.5 54.4 63.1 66.5 94.6
Oklahoma City, OK, United States 70.7 37.9 55.0 72.8 54.7 93.7
Hamburg, Germany 70.4 33.2 52.6 54.8 62.6 106.2
Maastricht, Netherlands 70.3 30.3 51.2 59.3 65.7 102.5
Boise, ID, United States 70.2 44.6 57.9 64.9 67.7 111.6
Turku, Finland 70.2 20.2 46.2 60.2 78.5 98.6
Frankfurt, Germany 70.1 34.8 53.2 55.3 63.2 108.0
Groningen, Netherlands 70.1 21.8 47.0 57.6 72.4 86.4
Jacksonville, FL, United States 69.9 38.2 54.7 76.1 66.9 146.2
Houston, TX, United States 69.9 44.7 57.8 63.8 73.1 144.3
Hobart, Australia 69.9 22.7 47.3 64.3 69.8 127.1
Cambridge, United Kingdom 69.8 43.2 57.0 56.8 71.8 97.0
Markham, Canada 69.8 46.5 58.6 61.2 79.7 91.2
Innsbruck, Austria 69.7 27.7 49.6 57.4 70.4 72.4
Berlin, Germany 69.7 38.3 54.6 56.6 60.3 98.0
Macao, Macao (China) 69.6 33.2 52.2 76.1 49.3 76.4
Edmonton, Canada 69.5 25.0 48.1 64.4 72.9 114.5
Guildford, United Kingdom 69.3 46.5 58.4 58.7 70.0 109.7
Kamloops, Canada 69.3 32.4 51.6 71.5 55.4 92.4
Galway, Ireland 69.2 38.2 54.4 57.2 69.0 75.1
Fredericton, Canada 69.1 22.9 47.0 70.4 66.8 115.8
Antwerp, Belgium 69.1 23.9 47.4 53.9 78.3 89.4
Toulouse, France 69.0 22.3 46.6 66.6 68.1 101.9
Helsinki, Finland 68.9 31.1 50.8 59.0 74.2 103.4
Brussels, Belgium 68.8 29.5 50.0 57.9 70.4 97.2
Cork, Ireland 68.8 40.7 55.3 52.9 73.6 88.5
Eindhoven, Netherlands 68.5 32.1 51.0 56.9 66.4 118.7
Hamilton, New Zealand 68.4 26.2 48.2 66.1 67.4 84.8
Tucson, AZ, United States 68.3 33.7 51.7 69.6 64.3 132.4
Kansas City, MO, United States 68.2 40.7 55.0 61.9 72.0 123.6
Ottawa, Canada 68.2 34.5 52.0 60.7 71.0 104.2
Graz, Austria 68.1 20.5 45.3 63.4 57.4 93.2
Albuquerque, NM, United States 68.1 41.7 55.5 67.4 64.9 155.1
Gold Coast, Australia 68.1 38.0 53.6 65.3 60.8 118.1
Dusseldorf, Germany 68.1 30.3 50.0 58.2 61.3 107.8
Halifax, Canada 67.9 32.5 50.9 67.9 64.0 93.3
Quebec City, Canada 67.9 20.9 45.3 64.5 68.7 106.3
Saint Louis, MO, United States 67.8 34.3 51.8 68.4 64.1 99.8
Christchurch, New Zealand 67.8 29.0 49.2 67.4 62.4 102.8
San Antonio, TX, United States 67.6 41.6 55.1 60.3 69.7 140.5
Grenoble, France 67.5 19.0 44.3 65.8 60.1 90.0
Hamilton, Canada 67.5 34.7 51.8 66.7 60.9 91.2
Nagoya, Japan 67.5 46.8 57.5 71.3 37.4 74.1
Rotterdam, Netherlands 67.2 34.7 51.6 58.1 65.2 110.6
Brighton, United Kingdom 67.2 43.3 55.7 53.4 71.2 81.7
Salzburg, Austria 67.1 26.9 47.9 57.4 66.5 94.2
Leuven, Belgium 67.0 24.0 46.4 54.6 71.6 94.4
Bonn, Germany 67.0 30.8 49.6 50.2 67.8 78.5
Linz, Austria 66.7 22.4 45.5 58.8 64.5 86.8
Florence, Italy 66.7 25.5 47.0 60.0 65.0 54.8
Nantes, France 66.7 23.2 45.8 64.3 62.7 86.2
Louisville, KY, United States 66.5 31.1 49.6 66.6 63.9 151.4
Red Deer, Canada 66.5 24.0 46.1 63.9 59.3 113.1
Saskatoon, Canada 66.4 23.7 45.9 61.9 61.1 118.3
Surrey, Canada 66.3 36.9 52.2 62.9 58.6 122.1
Heidelberg, Germany 66.2 29.4 48.6 50.1 64.5 109.4
Gent, Belgium 66.2 24.7 46.3 54.0 72.7 80.7
Bologna, Italy 66.2 24.5 46.2 54.1 68.6 64.3
Rome, Italy 66.1 32.3 49.9 57.3 68.2 55.4
Cologne, Germany 66.1 27.5 47.6 53.3 58.6 88.9
Salt Lake City, UT, United States 65.8 45.2 55.9 63.4 71.3 132.5
Sliema, Malta 65.8 28.4 47.9 57.4 69.3 51.0
Winnipeg, Canada 65.7 24.7 46.0 65.0 59.2 79.5
Bristol, United Kingdom 65.6 35.6 51.2 49.9 72.1 94.4
Karlsruhe, Germany 65.6 23.3 45.3 56.0 58.3 108.9
Osaka, Japan 65.5 22.6 45.0 65.7 41.0 89.6
Limerick, Ireland 65.5 35.0 50.9 53.6 69.0 101.1
Oxford, United Kingdom 65.5 43.1 54.8 55.0 62.2 99.7
Genoa, Italy 65.5 17.2 42.3 60.2 62.5 58.6
Marseille, France 65.5 21.7 44.5 64.3 61.4 96.8
Delft, Netherlands 65.4 28.5 47.7 57.7 55.7 111.8
Mannheim, Germany 65.4 21.7 44.4 52.9 56.9 119.4
Dubai, United Arab Emirates 65.3 46.9 56.5 47.5 72.5 129.1
Trento, Italy 65.3 21.8 44.4 57.4 63.1 66.6
Montreal, Canada 65.3 29.2 48.0 63.0 65.1 99.0
Reading, United Kingdom 65.2 34.9 50.7 52.3 79.6 91.3
Bergamo, Italy 65.2 21.7 44.3 54.8 62.0 71.9
London, Canada 65.1 38.1 52.2 57.6 72.9 110.8
Dortmund, Germany 65.1 20.3 43.6 54.8 54.5 103.6
Memphis, TN, United States 65.1 35.8 51.0 65.8 65.9 167.0
Trieste, Italy 64.9 17.9 42.4 54.7 66.0 64.2
Mississauga, Canada 64.8 42.9 54.3 56.0 54.7 105.4
Lund, Sweden 64.7 22.3 44.4 58.6 55.0 109.3
Parma, Italy 64.7 16.4 41.6 52.4 66.4 64.3
Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany 64.7 30.4 48.2 53.3 59.1 97.4
Cincinnati, OH, United States 64.4 40.0 52.7 64.2 60.4 115.9
Kitchener, Canada 64.3 33.9 49.7 63.5 62.9 113.6
Uppsala, Sweden 64.3 21.5 43.8 54.9 64.6 89.5
Brescia, Italy 64.2 23.3 44.6 56.2 62.5 59.2
Enschede, Netherlands 64.1 25.9 45.8 57.4 65.5 126.4
Kelowna, Canada 64.1 37.1 51.1 63.7 57.7 102.3
Stuttgart, Germany 64.1 29.8 47.7 51.5 61.0 121.7
Manchester, United Kingdom 64.0 30.9 48.1 50.2 71.3 96.2
Larnaca, Cyprus 63.7 25.1 45.2 51.1 62.9 49.5
Kingston, Canada 63.7 35.1 50.0 59.9 58.3 104.4
Treviso, Italy 63.7 22.6 44.0 52.1 66.0 62.0
Tampere, Finland 63.7 21.5 43.5 52.8 71.3 102.2
Bremen, Germany 63.6 19.8 42.6 55.5 56.8 94.6
Liverpool, United Kingdom 63.6 25.4 45.3 48.9 72.2 85.9
Brampton, Canada 63.5 35.1 49.9 56.6 58.8 118.3
Bournemouth, United Kingdom 63.4 31.5 48.1 49.2 79.6 79.5
Glasgow, United Kingdom 63.3 26.8 45.8 48.5 70.1 107.7
Padova, Italy 62.8 20.0 42.3 50.2 61.4 62.9
Malmo, Sweden 62.7 20.9 42.7 55.4 61.4 107.9
The Hague (Den Haag), Netherlands 62.7 30.4 47.2 52.7 62.3 129.9
Cagliari, Italy 62.7 17.1 40.8 53.5 61.4 62.6
Nottingham, United Kingdom 62.5 25.0 44.6 55.9 60.5 90.3
Plymouth, United Kingdom 62.4 24.4 44.2 47.2 63.3 69.1
Lille, France 62.4 22.9 43.5 55.1 60.7 105.1
Hanover, Germany 62.3 21.6 42.8 51.6 53.8 105.9
Gothenburg, Sweden 62.2 25.4 44.5 55.5 57.3 101.6
Regina, Canada 62.0 21.7 42.7 59.6 58.0 146.2
Leeds, United Kingdom 62.0 27.4 45.4 49.2 60.8 100.7
Bari, Italy 61.9 19.5 41.6 52.2 55.6 64.1
Vienna, Austria 61.8 26.5 44.9 54.1 66.2 112.9
Belfast, United Kingdom 61.8 25.2 44.3 50.3 71.9 89.2
Verona, Italy 61.4 22.0 42.5 53.2 59.3 65.0
Derby, United Kingdom 61.4 20.7 41.9 49.0 64.9 114.0
Edinburgh, United Kingdom 61.4 32.5 47.5 47.5 71.1 96.3
Windsor, Canada 61.3 29.7 46.2 54.5 60.3 108.3
Turin, Italy 61.2 18.7 40.8 53.9 59.1 68.1
Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom 61.0 28.1 45.2 49.8 68.3 88.1
Leipzig, Germany 60.9 18.9 40.8 48.6 51.8 94.5
Norwich, United Kingdom 60.9 29.0 45.6 46.7 75.4 85.9
Limassol, Cyprus 60.7 40.4 51.0 47.7 61.7 52.7
Knoxville, TN, United States 60.7 33.9 47.9 57.7 57.3 144.4
Al Khobar, Saudi Arabia 60.7 11.6 37.2 48.3 45.5 117.7
Southampton, United Kingdom 60.6 27.9 45.0 47.0 61.4 99.7
Essen, Germany 60.6 20.1 41.2 47.0 54.1 121.4
Nuremberg, Germany 59.9 21.2 41.4 47.7 52.9 121.9
Athens, Greece 59.8 16.3 39.0 46.4 55.1 42.4
Exeter, United Kingdom 59.8 28.5 44.8 45.5 63.2 88.6
Sheffield, United Kingdom 59.8 25.6 43.4 46.8 58.6 86.4
Doha, Qatar 59.6 51.5 55.7 47.7 57.5 101.0
Tallinn, Estonia 59.6 19.7 40.5 44.3 61.5 60.5
Aachen, Germany 59.4 19.2 40.1 50.1 52.1 124.8
Montevideo, Uruguay 59.3 18.0 39.5 47.7 56.4 41.9
Portsmouth, United Kingdom 59.1 28.3 44.3 51.5 60.5 115.9
Cardiff, United Kingdom 59.1 30.6 45.4 47.0 68.2 82.1
Suzhou, China 59.0 27.2 43.7 70.8 39.4 28.4
Coventry, United Kingdom 58.8 23.0 41.7 45.3 51.3 139.2
Barcelona, Spain 58.7 29.9 44.9 45.3 60.8 74.1
Dresden, Germany 58.6 17.9 39.1 45.6 50.8 113.0
Aberdeen, United Kingdom 58.6 21.1 40.6 46.7 66.5 112.5
Birmingham, United Kingdom 58.2 30.0 44.7 46.7 57.3 107.9
Shiraz, Iran 57.6 21.4 40.2 64.3 32.5 13.9
Taipei, Taiwan (China) 57.6 20.6 39.8 66.0 33.8 78.2
Naples, Italy 57.5 17.8 38.5 46.4 57.3 67.2
Kingston, Jamaica 57.3 17.7 38.3 58.4 39.4 26.2
Dundee, United Kingdom 57.1 22.2 40.4 47.9 60.9 95.3
Bilbao, Spain 57.1 26.3 42.3 50.3 54.5 79.6
Ramallah, Palestine 57.0 12.5 35.6 47.6 48.0 43.9
Leicester, United Kingdom 57.0 23.8 41.0 43.7 64.6 106.4
Port of Spain, Trinidad And Tobago 56.7 16.5 37.5 50.8 63.1 34.4
New Taipei City, Taiwan (China) 56.6 18.6 38.4 72.0 24.0 64.6
Palermo, Italy 56.1 13.7 35.8 46.0 48.9 63.6
Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 55.9 43.3 49.9 44.2 55.8 114.8
Thessaloniki, Greece 55.8 12.7 35.2 43.1 51.2 40.9
Male, Maldives 55.7 26.2 41.6 49.8 33.4 34.2
Nicosia, Cyprus 55.7 19.3 38.2 45.9 54.9 63.8
Riga, Latvia 54.9 13.1 34.9 42.5 50.3 54.3
Prague, Czech Republic 54.6 27.1 41.4 46.5 42.4 69.9
Havana, Cuba 54.6 18.0 37.1 45.5 41.8 1.6
Madrid, Spain 54.5 29.5 42.5 43.5 53.3 85.7
Palma de Mallorca, Spain 54.2 24.7 40.1 41.7 54.3 69.0
Ljubljana, Slovenia 54.1 20.8 38.1 46.0 45.2 62.3
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 53.5 17.6 36.3 43.4 41.9 101.5
Heraklion, Greece 53.2 12.5 33.7 40.7 43.0 38.2
Zadar, Croatia 53.2 14.0 34.4 45.4 50.4 39.1
Catania, Italy 52.9 13.5 34.0 42.4 50.4 55.8
Larissa, Greece 52.9 9.7 32.2 40.7 48.8 45.7
Tartu, Estonia 52.7 14.0 34.2 44.1 52.2 64.1
Jeddah (Jiddah), Saudi Arabia 52.4 13.4 33.7 42.9 40.9 85.7
Dubrovnik, Croatia 51.8 12.3 32.9 38.4 53.4 46.7
Vilnius, Lithuania 51.6 20.8 36.9 41.5 52.0 59.5
Lisbon, Portugal 51.5 32.7 42.5 40.8 51.1 45.4
Valencia, Spain 51.4 22.7 37.6 45.3 50.5 71.3
Pamplona, Spain 51.2 21.3 36.9 45.9 50.7 120.4
Manama, Bahrain 51.2 26.8 39.5 38.3 47.3 89.5
Zagreb, Croatia 51.0 15.8 34.1 42.8 45.1 56.5
Panama City, Panama 50.4 24.4 37.9 48.5 44.8 36.3
Oviedo, Spain 50.4 14.4 33.1 43.2 47.7 105.2
Bratislava, Slovakia 50.4 19.5 35.6 43.8 43.0 60.6
Alicante, Spain 50.2 18.8 35.1 39.9 51.0 71.3
San Jose, Costa Rica 50.1 18.2 34.8 46.9 46.1 40.9
Muscat, Oman 50.0 18.1 34.7 43.4 43.9 90.0
Seville (Sevilla), Spain 49.9 17.5 34.4 44.6 43.7 78.8
Granada, Spain 49.8 16.9 34.1 41.9 48.2 93.4
Bangkok, Thailand 49.8 22.8 36.9 48.7 25.2 29.5
Paphos, Cyprus 49.8 20.9 35.9 39.6 48.8 58.4
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic 49.8 19.7 35.4 41.0 38.2 21.3
Kaohsiung, Taiwan (China) 49.3 11.2 31.1 57.5 24.6 67.5
Malaga, Spain 49.3 21.9 36.2 39.4 46.2 85.7
Vladivostok, Russia 49.0 18.3 34.3 43.3 35.7 34.8
Ad Dammam, Saudi Arabia 48.8 11.0 30.7 42.0 36.7 100.0
Amman, Jordan 48.7 9.8 30.1 39.6 43.1 35.6
Brno, Czech Republic 48.5 19.4 34.6 39.6 36.6 71.3
Porto, Portugal 48.3 23.0 36.1 39.0 40.9 49.6
Kaunas, Lithuania 48.2 13.4 31.5 39.3 45.5 62.4
Olomouc, Czech Republic 47.8 15.4 32.3 41.9 33.8 69.9
Phnom Penh, Cambodia 47.7 19.8 34.3 45.2 29.5 14.9
Plzen, Czech Republic 47.7 13.3 31.2 38.7 37.8 79.2
Ostrava, Czech Republic 47.7 14.0 31.6 39.7 36.4 74.1
Shanghai, China 47.7 36.6 42.3 49.4 36.7 59.7
Maribor, Slovenia 47.6 13.2 31.1 41.0 38.3 72.2
Kuwait City, Kuwait 47.5 28.1 38.2 33.0 42.9 83.0
Murcia, Spain 47.5 24.1 36.2 35.9 50.5 63.2
Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain 47.3 20.7 34.5 41.7 40.4 60.2
Dakar, Senegal 47.2 22.2 35.2 38.4 46.0 21.4
Sharjah, United Arab Emirates 47.0 78.4 62.1 37.2 33.6 41.9
Santiago, Chile 46.8 16.0 32.0 43.0 45.2 34.7
Cascais, Portugal 46.7 32.5 39.9 35.0 47.4 48.6
Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain 46.7 18.7 33.3 40.1 43.9 71.0
Kosice, Slovakia 46.3 15.4 31.5 40.2 35.3 52.0
Georgetown, Guyana 46.3 10.2 29.0 47.9 38.7 25.3
Beijing, China 46.2 35.0 40.9 45.1 31.7 63.3
Moscow, Russia 46.2 25.9 36.5 36.1 49.8 58.8
Sofia, Bulgaria 46.2 12.9 30.2 40.5 43.1 57.9
Rijeka, Croatia 45.9 12.7 30.0 40.1 41.6 50.8
Split, Croatia 45.6 12.8 29.9 39.8 41.1 57.0
Zaragoza (Saragossa), Spain 45.5 17.7 32.2 37.8 42.7 83.9
Funchal, Portugal 45.3 22.6 34.5 33.2 38.5 54.0
Budapest, Hungary 45.3 14.5 30.6 40.5 36.9 55.2
San Salvador, El Salvador 45.3 16.9 31.7 43.9 36.6 24.0
Klaipeda, Lithuania 45.1 11.4 29.0 36.1 40.2 64.6
Makati, Philippines 45.1 27.4 36.6 42.6 28.7 20.2
Saint Petersburg, Russia 44.8 16.9 31.4 35.3 41.4 46.0
Vigo, Spain 44.5 16.3 31.0 36.1 44.1 76.1
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 44.2 17.8 31.6 34.9 27.5 10.4
Shenzhen, China 44.1 22.4 33.7 46.8 29.6 80.9
Warsaw, Poland 44.0 24.1 34.5 35.1 41.6 62.6
Coimbra, Portugal 43.7 14.2 29.6 35.6 36.1 51.7
Guatemala City, Guatemala 43.4 15.8 30.2 40.9 33.6 24.3
Bucharest, Romania 43.2 13.1 28.8 35.7 44.2 55.5
Abidjan, Ivory Coast 43.0 17.0 30.6 35.7 28.5 7.4
Braga, Portugal 43.0 17.4 30.7 36.2 36.7 56.9
Aveiro, Portugal 42.9 16.6 30.3 36.5 34.9 48.0
Leiria, Portugal 42.8 18.4 31.1 31.3 36.6 81.6
Caracas, Venezuela 42.6 12.3 28.1 37.5 44.6 11.0
Belgrade, Serbia 42.4 18.0 30.7 34.7 37.3 37.7
Monterrey, Mexico 42.2 17.1 30.2 39.4 42.0 55.5
Yekaterinburg, Russia 42.0 11.1 27.2 36.6 35.4 59.0
Phuket, Thailand 42.0 15.2 29.2 42.0 27.6 27.7
Yerevan, Armenia 41.7 25.5 33.9 35.3 36.5 26.1
Budva, Montenegro 41.6 22.6 32.5 31.6 39.6 30.8
Osijek, Croatia 41.5 8.9 25.9 35.3 30.6 54.6
Tbilisi, Georgia 41.5 22.8 32.5 34.6 41.7 24.7
Cluj-Napoca, Romania 41.3 12.7 27.6 35.6 36.8 53.5
Tijuana, Mexico 41.3 17.1 29.7 33.1 44.5 45.7
Harare, Zimbabwe 41.3 13.6 28.0 34.3 34.0 16.9
Sao Paulo, Brazil 41.2 14.8 28.6 35.4 34.4 26.1
Hangzhou, China 41.2 15.3 28.8 47.8 29.4 61.6
Krakow (Cracow), Poland 41.2 17.1 29.6 32.5 37.5 68.8
Wroclaw, Poland 41.1 17.3 29.7 31.8 37.0 60.3
Novosibirsk, Russia 41.1 11.2 26.8 34.6 38.5 36.0
Tirana, Albania 41.0 11.9 27.1 34.3 32.0 30.1
Constanta, Romania 41.0 11.4 26.8 33.6 36.5 40.8
Mexico City, Mexico 40.8 20.7 31.2 39.2 38.5 38.1
Quezon City, Philippines 40.6 10.9 26.4 39.4 21.8 20.2
Gdynia, Poland 40.5 16.1 28.8 31.3 37.8 56.6
Johannesburg, South Africa 40.5 13.7 27.6 32.3 35.1 94.5
Varna, Bulgaria 40.1 9.7 25.5 34.4 34.0 50.6
Kazan, Russia 40.0 11.0 26.1 34.0 33.6 37.0
Kuching, Malaysia 39.9 11.2 26.1 42.0 20.7 28.5
Krasnodar, Russia 39.9 8.6 24.9 30.9 46.0 37.7
Cancun, Mexico 39.6 15.0 27.8 37.9 39.9 39.7
Gdansk, Poland 39.6 17.4 28.9 31.5 34.2 66.7
Puebla, Mexico 39.5 9.9 25.3 39.6 32.9 35.3
Katowice, Poland 39.5 11.9 26.3 31.5 33.4 67.7
Pattaya, Thailand 39.4 12.0 26.3 39.9 23.8 26.1
Szeged, Hungary 39.1 8.7 24.5 37.0 29.1 52.0
Chengdu, China 38.9 11.7 25.9 42.4 24.5 53.4
Brasov, Romania 38.9 10.7 25.4 33.3 34.2 48.4
Lagos, Nigeria 38.8 56.0 47.0 39.5 33.1 7.6
Merida, Mexico 38.7 12.6 26.2 40.1 36.2 34.5
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 38.7 12.9 26.4 40.2 24.5 84.6
Kaliningrad, Russia 38.7 9.4 24.7 34.0 35.2 37.3
Voronezh, Russia 38.7 7.5 23.7 31.7 40.9 41.7
Sarajevo, Bosnia And Herzegovina 38.6 7.6 23.7 32.6 27.1 53.4
Bialystok, Poland 38.6 12.4 26.1 31.3 31.0 55.4
Guangzhou, China 38.4 16.5 27.9 38.5 27.4 74.7
Plovdiv, Bulgaria 38.4 8.2 23.9 34.9 33.4 50.0
Szczecin, Poland 38.3 14.2 26.7 32.2 33.5 61.6
Samara, Russia 38.2 9.6 24.5 30.2 39.2 37.9
Guayaquil, Ecuador 38.2 11.3 25.3 32.1 29.8 40.5
Cuenca, Ecuador 38.2 11.2 25.3 35.8 28.8 31.7
Podgorica, Montenegro 38.2 10.2 24.8 33.3 28.4 45.2
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 38.2 11.3 25.3 30.8 29.6 23.2
Nizhny Novgorod, Russia 37.9 10.1 24.6 31.5 34.8 41.3
Manila, Philippines 37.9 18.7 28.7 36.5 24.8 24.8
Poznan, Poland 37.8 14.1 26.4 30.9 34.1 62.7
Chiang Mai, Thailand 37.7 10.8 24.8 44.2 16.7 32.2
Brasilia, Brazil 37.7 11.0 24.9 30.8 30.5 41.4
Pretoria, South Africa 37.7 12.4 25.6 29.7 32.2 92.9
Queretaro (Santiago de Querétaro), Mexico 37.6 12.1 25.4 37.4 34.6 54.4
Gaborone, Botswana 37.6 9.1 23.9 31.8 40.7 51.5
Guadalajara, Mexico 37.4 15.5 26.9 38.3 33.6 47.7
Burgas, Bulgaria 37.4 9.4 24.0 33.2 34.3 51.0
Oradea, Romania 37.3 7.8 23.1 33.8 37.3 39.2
Ufa, Russia 37.3 9.7 24.1 32.0 32.4 39.4
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam 37.2 15.6 26.9 37.3 19.7 30.1
Novi Sad, Serbia 37.2 11.6 24.9 31.6 29.0 42.0
Perm, Russia 37.2 8.3 23.4 32.8 36.0 38.1
Cape Town, South Africa 37.2 20.4 29.2 30.5 35.0 75.2
Minsk, Belarus 37.1 11.5 24.9 32.1 40.3 37.6
Puerto Vallarta, Mexico 37.1 21.8 29.8 34.5 33.7 25.0
Khartoum, Sudan 37.0 11.9 24.9 37.4 25.2 10.0
Durban, South Africa 37.0 12.0 25.0 28.4 34.6 77.1
Lodz, Poland 36.9 12.9 25.4 28.6 31.5 62.1
Skopje, North Macedonia 36.8 7.8 22.9 31.3 28.2 36.7
Penang, Malaysia 36.8 9.0 23.5 40.4 19.4 64.8
Yangon, Myanmar 36.8 24.2 30.7 39.3 22.2 28.6
Timisoara, Romania 36.7 9.9 23.9 31.0 32.5 56.4
Banja Luka, Bosnia And Herzegovina 36.6 7.3 22.6 31.4 24.9 43.3
Iasi, Romania 36.6 9.5 23.6 30.6 32.5 51.2
Rostov-na-donu, Russia 36.6 11.7 24.7 32.0 33.6 35.8
Cebu, Philippines 36.5 11.8 24.7 38.2 21.3 18.8
Hanoi, Vietnam 36.4 11.4 24.4 36.4 18.9 37.5
Campinas, Brazil 36.3 8.9 23.2 28.3 29.4 42.5
Florianopolis, Brazil 36.3 10.4 23.9 30.0 30.2 28.5
Suva, Fiji 36.2 17.7 27.3 37.3 30.2 89.4
Quito, Ecuador 36.0 10.5 23.8 32.3 31.2 33.8
Bursa, Turkey 35.9 5.6 21.4 24.8 30.4 26.2
Nanjing, China 35.9 14.1 25.5 38.7 21.4 72.0
Petaling Jaya, Malaysia 35.8 11.1 24.0 36.7 25.6 64.5
Lima, Peru 35.8 14.8 25.7 32.7 25.8 33.0
Debrecen, Hungary 35.7 9.6 23.2 31.6 29.3 53.2
Tuzla, Bosnia And Herzegovina 35.5 5.8 21.3 30.0 23.9 41.3
Lublin, Poland 35.4 12.2 24.3 29.1 29.2 60.9
Craiova, Romania 35.1 7.6 21.9 29.0 29.6 50.0
Jakarta, Indonesia 35.1 14.9 25.4 37.3 20.5 33.0
Erbil (Irbil), Iraq 35.1 12.0 24.0 27.8 31.4 46.2
La Paz, Bolivia 35.1 8.1 22.1 31.3 23.5 38.0
Batumi, Ajara, Georgia 35.0 15.0 25.4 34.4 30.4 29.9
Sibiu, Romania 34.7 8.4 22.1 29.6 30.3 48.5
Nairobi, Kenya 34.6 11.6 23.6 32.5 27.7 32.5
Istanbul, Turkey 34.6 15.8 25.6 28.1 27.1 28.5
Belo Horizonte, Brazil 34.5 7.9 21.8 28.2 25.3 24.1
Sao Jose dos Campos, Brazil 34.5 8.2 21.9 29.4 26.7 33.9
Windhoek, Namibia 34.3 12.4 23.8 30.1 36.3 41.0
Curitiba, Brazil 34.3 8.0 21.7 28.9 26.2 37.6
Porto Alegre, Brazil 34.1 8.7 21.9 28.6 25.3 29.5
Chisinau, Moldova 33.9 9.4 22.2 28.0 28.3 35.1
Recife, Brazil 33.8 6.7 20.8 28.5 24.2 35.1
Marrakech, Morocco 33.3 9.2 21.7 25.8 29.1 27.1
Tehran, Iran 33.2 18.3 26.1 23.9 24.3 18.9
Nis, Serbia 33.2 6.8 20.5 26.1 27.2 43.6
Santa Cruz, Bolivia 33.1 9.6 21.8 26.3 29.8 34.5
Casablanca, Morocco 33.0 11.3 22.6 27.3 22.7 34.9
Baghdad, Iraq 32.9 11.5 22.7 26.4 28.2 38.1
Kampala, Uganda 32.9 11.3 22.5 28.2 23.2 12.2
Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia 32.8 9.3 21.5 32.2 26.4 24.7
Qingdao, Shandong, China 32.7 8.9 21.3 35.9 21.9 75.9
Isfahan (Esfahan), Iran 32.2 12.6 22.8 18.7 16.1 18.8
Rabat, Morocco 32.1 12.2 22.6 28.0 23.4 32.3
Buenos Aires, Argentina 31.6 9.0 20.8 25.7 27.3 33.4
Algiers, Algeria 31.4 6.2 19.3 33.0 18.3 24.6
Bandung, Indonesia 31.4 6.1 19.3 32.6 14.6 25.2
Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 31.2 12.2 22.1 27.4 20.3 20.1
Baku, Azerbaijan 30.9 8.9 20.4 26.7 29.6 34.4
Almaty, Kazakhstan 30.9 17.3 24.4 27.0 30.4 35.7
Kiev (Kyiv), Ukraine 30.8 12.3 21.9 25.8 26.6 38.9
Tunis, Tunisia 30.7 6.4 19.0 28.3 16.4 23.8
Kigali, Rwanda 30.6 15.1 23.2 26.3 27.4 30.0
Surabaya, Indonesia 30.0 6.5 18.7 30.8 13.4 29.5
Pristina, Kosovo (Disputed Territory) 29.9 9.4 20.0 25.5 23.3 39.4
Damascus, Syria 29.6 7.0 18.8 28.0 20.9 4.5
Asuncion, Paraguay 29.6 9.9 20.2 24.8 22.4 29.0
Dhaka, Bangladesh 29.6 4.5 17.6 27.8 18.0 25.9
Astana (Nur-Sultan), Kazakhstan 29.4 11.9 21.0 26.7 26.5 47.3
Antalya, Turkey 29.3 14.5 22.2 22.8 22.1 24.5
Izmir, Turkey 29.1 6.9 18.5 24.8 19.8 28.6
Tashkent, Uzbekistan 29.1 12.8 21.3 26.9 25.2 25.7
Agadir, Morocco 29.0 4.9 17.5 25.1 26.3 33.4
Tangier, Morocco 29.0 8.4 19.1 27.1 19.7 35.9
Ankara, Turkey 28.7 7.2 18.4 24.3 20.4 34.4
Accra, Ghana 28.6 15.7 22.4 28.1 26.4 19.1
Mersin, Turkey 28.2 5.7 17.4 20.9 18.1 27.6
Mashhad, Iran 28.1 13.3 21.0 18.7 23.0 24.4
Colombo, Sri Lanka 27.6 7.0 17.7 35.4 12.6 15.6
Eskisehir, Turkey 27.5 4.6 16.6 23.0 16.2 29.8
Gurgaon, India 27.5 7.8 18.0 27.7 22.1 78.9
Kocaeli, Turkey 27.3 5.7 16.9 22.6 15.8 39.6
Kathmandu, Nepal 27.2 5.1 16.6 24.6 21.0 20.0
Dnipro, Ukraine 27.1 8.9 18.4 22.7 24.0 35.2
Tripoli, Libya 26.8 6.7 17.2 24.2 26.7 29.4
Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan 26.7 9.9 18.7 24.6 23.4 24.9
Odessa (Odesa), Ukraine 26.6 7.1 17.2 22.8 22.1 32.9
Noida, India 26.5 5.0 16.2 25.6 23.1 75.1
Lviv, Ukraine 26.2 9.5 18.2 22.3 19.7 42.1
Chittagong, Bangladesh 26.0 3.4 15.2 23.6 17.6 27.2
Mumbai, India 25.7 17.0 21.5 25.7 21.7 46.6
Bangalore, India 25.7 7.9 17.2 26.5 19.8 96.0
Navi Mumbai, India 25.4 10.1 18.1 26.9 19.2 91.9
Hyderabad, India 25.1 5.7 15.8 27.0 17.6 56.4
Delhi, India 25.0 7.4 16.6 23.2 23.5 60.8
Medellin, Colombia 24.9 8.3 17.0 23.2 18.3 34.4
Cartagena, Colombia 24.7 11.8 18.5 22.0 17.9 30.2
Bogota, Colombia 24.5 9.3 17.2 23.2 17.9 28.9
Kharkiv, Ukraine 24.5 8.7 16.9 20.8 19.4 39.3
Konya, Turkey 24.4 3.4 14.4 19.6 15.4 34.7
Adana, Turkey 24.3 3.7 14.4 19.3 16.1 34.9
Ahmedabad, India 24.1 11.5 18.1 25.2 17.4 38.9
Cairo, Egypt 24.1 5.6 15.2 21.0 20.9 22.9
Pune, India 24.0 6.6 15.7 24.7 19.5 84.5
Patna, India 23.9 4.7 14.7 25.1 16.4 37.8
Guwahati, India 23.8 3.8 14.2 24.1 19.1 57.2
Chandigarh, India 23.8 5.3 14.9 22.3 19.5 70.4
Cali, Colombia 23.4 5.3 14.7 21.1 17.3 39.4
Barranquilla, Colombia 23.4 6.3 15.2 21.5 17.0 32.3
Chennai, India 23.3 5.7 14.8 24.7 16.4 62.5
Lucknow (Lakhnau), India 22.5 4.1 13.7 21.5 16.1 69.0
Indore, India 22.4 4.0 13.6 23.4 15.1 64.1
Bhubaneswar, India 22.3 4.3 13.7 23.4 14.2 71.6
Vadodara, India 22.3 3.1 13.1 22.0 18.7 44.9
Kolkata, India 22.2 5.1 14.0 23.4 15.7 64.2
Jaipur, India 22.1 5.0 13.9 22.4 14.7 53.4
Kochi, India 21.5 5.1 13.6 23.6 12.1 80.6
Alexandria, Egypt 21.3 4.0 13.0 18.7 20.2 20.0
Coimbatore, India 21.3 4.5 13.2 23.4 12.2 50.0
Thiruvananthapuram, India 21.0 3.8 12.7 21.1 14.1 95.6
Bhopal, India 20.9 2.6 12.1 21.3 15.1 61.2
Lahore, Pakistan 20.7 3.7 12.5 17.0 16.5 22.0
Giza, Egypt 20.6 3.0 12.2 18.5 15.6 23.6
Karachi, Pakistan 19.8 3.9 12.2 17.5 14.3 22.4
Islamabad, Pakistan 19.7 5.6 12.9 16.3 14.9 28.0
Bucaramanga, Colombia 19.6 4.6 12.4 16.1 13.6 31.3
Rawalpindi, Pakistan 16.4 2.9 9.9 14.7 12.5 27.9
Faisalabad, Pakistan 16.1 2.8 9.7 12.0 10.5 32.5
Multan, Pakistan 15.6 2.5 9.3 15.1 11.0 21.9
Peshawar, Pakistan 15.1 1.6 8.6 13.0 11.0 27.6